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TEXT I

ARE YOU TOO YOUNG OR OLD ENOUGH?


It depends on the country you live! Do you know how young people like you live in the USA? And in Israel? Do they leave home to go to university? Do they live with their parents until they are 25? Where do they live? Do they have to work too? Here is an interview with some young people from different countries.

Maria, from Israel – “We leave school when we are 17 and then we go to the army. Everybody must do it here, including the girls. We go to the army for two whole years and the boys for three years. It is not too bad, and we learn some very interesting things. I learned to fix cars and trucks, to sow and repair electrical gadgets. I also met some of my best friends at that time. After that, most people take a year off to travel and see the world before they go to university. Since our country is not so big, we usually to to universities which are close to our homes.”

Gabriel, from Brazil – “I still cannot believe that I’m in university now. I had to study so much last year! This year won’t be so busy, so I also want to find a part time job, perhaps as an apprentice, so that I can earn some money and learn more about my future job. I don’t want to work too much, because I have to study and I’m still tired from last year. I never studied so hard in my life! I’m glad that it was enough to pass... some of my friends didn’t. The only bad thing is that I know the older students from university will shave my hair off on the first day of classes. This is a tradition in our country...”

Alexandra, from Germany – “University is mostly public in our country, so we only need to pay for our personal expenses. We love to travel, go out and party with our friends, and that’s what we usually do during the university years – besides studying, of course. There is no legal age for drinking in our country, so we usually have a couple of beers at our parties, which is really not a big problem: beer is a part of our culture and if you don’t drink too much and do not drive, it’s no problem. Driving is something not so common during university, because the good universities in our country are usually in small cities, where it is easier to take the bus or to ride the bike instead of finding a place to park your car: there are not enough parking places in small old towns.”

Patrick, from the USA - “There is something that everybody has in mind when choosing a university in our country: the further from home, the better. And this is really easy, because there are plenty of universities all over the country. Most people live in campus, especially during the first years of university, and sometimes in apartments with some more friends. I always have a summer job, and when I want to travel, I also take some weekend jobs in restaurants and in shops during Christmas time. I don’t work too much, just enough to make the money I need for my holidays. Some of my friends work in the campus to help with their studies, but I don’t need to, because my parents started saving money for me to go to university when I was 2 years old! Many parents do that in our country so that their children won’t have to work during their studies.”



Question 05


Escolha a alternativa correta de acordo com o texto II.


  1. Assim como no Brasil, em Israel somente os homens vão para o exército.

  2. Os garotos devem ficar no exército durante dois anos em Israel.

  3. Ir para o exército não é uma coisa muito agradável para as pessoas em Israel.

  4. Mecânica de carros e caminhões é uma das coisas que se aprende no exército em Israel.


Question 06

Escolha a alternativa CORRETA de acordo com o texto II.




  1. Para os jovens americanos, quanto mais distante a universidade de casa, pior.

  2. Uma das facilidades para os jovens americanos cursarem o ensino superior é a grande quantidade de universidade por todo o país.

  3. Durante os primeiros anos de universidade poucos estudantes moram no campus.

  4. Patrick trabalha o ano todo para pagar seus estudos.


Question 07

De acordo com o texto, na Alemanha:




  1. Existe uma idade mínima para se ingerir bebidas alcoólicas.

  2. Não se pode tomar bebidas alcoólicas nas festas universitárias.

  3. Todas as universidades são públicas.

  4. A maioria dos estudantes não pagam seus estudos universitários, pois a maioria das universidades são públicas.


Question 08

Escolha a alternativa CORRETA de acordo com o texto II.




  1. Segundo Gabriel, o ano passado foi o que ele mais estudou em toda sua vida.

  2. Gabriel deseja encontrar um trabalho que lhe ocupe o dia todo.

  3. Gabriel não estudou o suficiente para passar no ano passado.

  4. Para Gabriel este ano será mais atarefado que o ano passado.


Question 09

Escolha a alternativa INCORRETA de acordo com o texto I.




  1. Em Israel tanto os homens quanto as mulheres vão para o exército.

  2. Os pais de Patrick economizaram dinheiro para seus estudos universitários.

  3. Na Alemanha as boas universidades são geralmente em cidades pequenas.

  4. Assim como Gabriel, todos os seus amigos entraram na universidade.


Question 10

De acordo com o título e a introdução do texto, escolha a alternativa INCORRETA.




  1. Saber se a pessoa é muito jovem ou velha para fazer algo depende do país onde ela mora.

  2. Podemos afirmar que em quase todos os países o comportamento dos jovens é o mesmo.

  3. São feitas perguntas para se saber se os jovens se comportam da mesma forma em países diferentes.

  4. O país de origem da pessoa pode determinar se ela é jovem ou velha para determinadas funções.


TEXT II

A FUTURE FOR ELEPHANTS?

 

The World Wildlife Fund is an international organization for the protection of animals and conservation of life in the natural world. Since 1961, the World Wildlife Fund has saved 33 animals and birds from extinction. It has given more than 40 billion dollars to conservation projects around the world. It has created or supported 260 National Parks on five continents. But there is still much more work to do.



Elephants, for example. Do they have a future? Nobody knows how many elephants there are in Africa or Asia today. For a long time dishonest people have been killing elephants illegally, especially for their ivory. Those animals may soon be in danger of extinction. Just think: the zoo may be the only place where it will be possible to see an elephant.

Adapted from an article in “Time” Magazine

 

Responda as próximas perguntas em português de acordo com o texto dado.


QUESTION 01

Qual é a finalidade do Fundo Mundial de Fauna e Flora (WWF)?


QUESTION 02

A atuação desse fundo pode ser considerada como encerrada? Explique.


QUESTION 03

Quantos elefantes existem atualmente? Qual a razão para isso?

 

QUESTION 04

O que poderá acontecer aos elefantes num futuro próximo?


TEXT III:

SOME EXTREME SPORTS


Hang gliding: The participant, using wings, takes off from mountains to float on thermal wind currents.

Skydiving: The sport of jumping from a plane at a high altitude making movements with the body (gymnastics, acrobatics) before opening the parachute.

Car racing: At about 370 Km/h, it needs your undivided attention . One of the most famous car racing pilots was Ayrton Senna, who died in 1994.

Canyoning: Coming down waterfalls with a rope. It includes water trekking. In Brazil you can practice this sport at Brotas, a small town in São Paulo State.

Bungee jumping: First the participants have to climb bridges, buildings, towers, etc. and then dive headfirst to the ground. They tie ropes made from elastic material round their ankles to stop themselves from hitting the ground.

Absailing: The participants climb a high wall specially made for the practice of this sport. Absailing is an urban version of mountain climbing and it is very popular in many Brazilian cities. It is an indoor sport in Britain.

Base jumping: Jumping off fixed objects such as bridges, buildings or cliffs. It is too dangerous – the participant, after the jump, has only seconds to open the parachute before hitting the street, the ground or the water below.



Question 11


According to the text Bungee jumping:


  1. is an urban version of mountain climbing.

  2. is too dangerous.

  3. participants dive to the ground headfirst.

  4. includes water trekking.



Question 12


Skydiving is:


  1. very popular in many Brazilian cities.

  2. an indoor sport in Britain.

  3. made with hopes.

  4. the sport of jumping from a plane.



Question 13


In hang gliding:


  1. people take off from mountains to float on thermal wind currents.

  2. the participants have to climb bridges.

  3. people come down waterfalls with a rope.

  4. people need undivided attention.



Question 14


About base jumping:


  1. participants climb a high wall.

  2. after the jump the participant has few seconds to open the parachute.

  3. participants tie ropes made from elastic material.

  4. the participants use wings.



Question 15


In canyoning people __________, in skydiving people __________, and in absailing people __________.


  1. climb a high wall / jump from planes / come down waterfalls

  2. come down waterfalls / jump from planes / climb a high wall

  3. jump from planes / come down waterfalls / climb a high wall

  4. come down waterfalls / climb a high wall / jump from planes


TEXT IV

CHINA TODAY

The most extraordinary thing about China is its size. China is so big that England could get lost in it. It is about fifty times bigger than England. When I went by train from Peking to Canton, the trip took forty-six hours and I covered almost 1,500 miles. Yet I was crossing only a small corner of the country.

Nobody knows exactly how many people there are in China, but the number is certainly getting bigger all the time because there are far more births than deaths. The present population is believed to be about one billion people. This is four times the population of the United States and about thirteen times more than that of Britain.

About one-fifth of the world’s population lives in China. Compared with the people of Europe and North America most of people are very poor. This is because China is mainly an agricultural country and they are short of machinery. In my whole journey to Canton, I never once saw a tractor, though I was traveling through farmland most of the way. So almost all the hard work must be done by hand.

Adapted from The World Today, February 2006.
Question 16

De acordo com o 1º parágrafo a China é por volta de…




  1. cinco vezes menor que a Inglaterra. (c) cinquenta vezes maior que a Inglaterra.

  2. quinze vezes maior que a Inglaterra. (d) quinze vezes menor que a Inglaterra.


Question 17

De acordo com o 2º parágrafo a população da China é…




  1. Aproximadamente quatro vezes a população dos Estados Unidos e três vezes a população da Grã Bretanha.

  2. Quatro vezes a população dos Estados Unidos e aproximadamente treze vezes a população da Grã Bretanha.

  3. a mesma dos Estados Unidos e Grã Bretanha juntos.

  4. pequena em relação aos Estados Unidos e Grã Bretanha.


Question 18

De acordo com o 3º parágrafo:




  1. A maioria das pessoas na China são muito pobres em comparação com a Europa e América do Norte.

  2. Por volta de 1/3 da população mundial mora na China.

  3. A China não é um país agrícola.

  4. A China é muito rica em maquinário agrícola.

TEXT V:

SPACE TRAVEL


One of the problems of space travel has been that of devising attractive food and practical ways to eat it. The main problem is not in swallowing the food, but in getting it into the mouth. In the microgravity of space, food will not stay still – it just floats away. Drinks do not stay comfortably in glasses or cups – they break up into globules and drift around the space capsule. And finally, 50% of astronauts feel sick during the first two or three days of flight, so food must be especially appetizing and tempting.


Question 19

Segundo o texto V o grande problema para os astronautas é:




  1. mastigar a comida no espaço.

  2. engolir a comida na ausência da gravidade.

  3. levar a comida à boca.

  4. que a comida se deteriora rapidamente na ausência da gravidade.


Question 20

De acordo com o texto V, 50% dos astronautas:




  1. não se alimentam durante os vôos.

  2. acham a comida especialmente saborosa no espaço.

  3. sentem-se mal durante os dois ou três primeiros dias de vôos.

  4. observam um aumento do apetite.




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