The indefinite article



Baixar 393,05 Kb.
Página1/2
Encontro03.05.2017
Tamanho393,05 Kb.
  1   2

THE INDEFINITE ARTICLE

São dois os artigos indefinidos em inglês A (um, uma) e AN (um, uma). São usados diante de um substantivo no singular.

Exemplos:

This is a nice place. She is a dentist. He is an engineer.

"The New York Times" is a newspaper.

A e AN não podem acompanhar substantivos no plural e substantivos incontáveis, Nesses casos, a palavra some é frequentemente usada.

Há diferenças quanto ao uso de A de AN em relação à pronúncia do substantivo que eles acompanham.

1) Com palavras iniciadas por consoantes ou pronunciadas com o som de consoante, usamos A.

Exemplos: a rabbit ( um coelho) a lemon ( um limão)



a car (um carro) a chair (uma cadeira)

a ball ( uma bola) a boy ( um menino)

a dog (um cachorro) a pen (uma caneta)

2) Com palavras iniciadas por vogal ou com um som vocálico, usamos AN.

Exemplos: an architect (um arquiteto) an essay (um ensaio

an egg (um ovo) an umbrella (um guarda-chuva)

3) A escolha entre A e AN diante de palavras iniciadas com H dependerá da pronúncia. Usamos AN antes do H não aspirado (h mudo) e A diante do H aspirado.

Exemplos:

an hour (uma hora) a helicopter (um helocóptero)

an heir ( um herdeiro) a hospital ( um hospital)

an honest man (um homem honesto) a hero (um herói)
0bs: Embora a pronúncia de h mudo seja antiquada para as palavras HOTEL, HISTORIC e HORRIFIC, podemos usar a ou an diante delas.

4) Atenção com as palavras iniciadas com U, pois embora o U seja uma vogal, em algumas palavras o U inicial tem som de , com estas palavras usamos o artigo AN.

Compare:

A university ( uma universidade) An uncle (um tio)

A useful thing ( uma coisa útil) An ugly man ( um homem feio)

5) Nas palavras compostas por one também usamos a. Exemplos:



A one-dollar bill (uma nora de um dólar)

A one-eyed boy (um menino caolho)

01) Complete usando os artigos A ou An

1) Lucy has ________________ dog.

2) Let's sing _______________song.

3) Emily needs ______________ new desk in her room.

4) I need ________________ blue pen.

5) Ben has ______________ old bike.

6) Peter has _____________ aunt in Berlin.

7) We listen to _____________English CD.

8) She has ______________exercise book in her school bag.

9) The speed of this car was 160 miles ________________ hour.

10) They finished _________________ unit.

11) There is ________________new English book on the desk.

12) She's reading ____________ old comic.

13) They've got ______________ idea.

14) He is drinking _____________cup of coffee.

15) The girl is _______________ pilot.

16) Leipzig has ________________ airport.

17) This is __________________ expensive bike.

18) Look! There's __________________ bird flying.

19) My father is ____________________ honest person.

20) My friend likes to be ________________ astronaut.

2) Escolha a alternativa correta:

Marque a única alternativa errada em que se emprega o artigo a ou an:

( ) a year ( ) an answer ( ) an university ( ) an honest man ( ) a ewe (ovelha)
02) Choose the right alternative: The boys brought _______ ant, _______ European bird and ______ milk.

( ) a, a, -x- ( ) a, an, -x- ( ) a, an, a ( ) an, a, -x- ( ) -x-, an, an


03) Choose the right option: He deserves better treatment, after all, he's not ______ prisoner.

( ) as ( ) a ( ) an ( ) the ( ) -x-


04) Mark the right alternative: ______ugly girl gave me _________ eggs yesterday.

( ) a, -x- ( ) an, a ( ) an, an ( ) an, -x- ( ) a, an

13) Mark the right option: He always smokes ___ cigarette with ___ cup of _____ coffee.

( ) -x-, a, -x- ( ) a, a, -x- ( ) the, a, a ( ) -x-, -x-, -x- ( ) a, -x-, -x


14) Which of the alternative(s) is(are) correct?

(a) A uniform (b) a yellow car (c) a eye (d) an honest nurse (e) an heirs (f) a universities

( ) a, b, d ( ) a, b, c, d ( ) d, e ( ) only c

( ) every alternative are corrects


15) Write (T) or (F) when the sentences are the indefinites article used correctly:

( ) a eucalyptus tree ( ) a yellow car ( ) an wall

( ) an FM station ( ) an one-way street ( ) an honest men
16) Write (T) or (F) when the sentences are the indefinites article used correctly:

( ) She had an interesting jobs.

( ) There's a hammer on the couch.

( ) It's an article about French cheese.

( ) Ted is an eight-years-old boy.

( ) He gave me information about the school

( ) What a lovely children!

( ) Hunger is a universal problem.

( ) My uncle rented a used computers.

( ) That politician is an honorable man. I mean it!

( ) A rabbits has more wool than an ewe.

( ) Everyone knows your partner is an honest.


THE DEFINITE ARTICLE:
O artigo definido é usado:

a) antes de substantivos masculinos ou femininos, singulares ou plurais; que podem ser precedidos ou não por adjetivos.

Ex: the sky, the boys, the girls, the rain, the clouds.



the girl (a menina), the pretty girl (a menina bonita)
o) usamos the substantivo no singular que representa uma classe de animais ou coisas:

The while is in danger of becoming extinct. A baleia está em perigo de se tornar extinta)

(A sentença refere-se à família inteira das baleias e não a uma única baleia)
The computer has made life easier. (O computador tornou a vida mais fácil)

(A sentença refere-se a qualquer computador)


p) usamos the com um substantivo, sempre que quisermos especificá-lo. Compare os exemplos:

Oranges have vitamin C (laranjas têm vitamina C)

The oranges you bought yesterday were nice. (As laranjas que você comprou ontem estavam boas)

Life is complicated. ( A vida é complicada)

I'm studying the life of Shakespeare. (Estou estudando a vida de Shakespeare)


Quando o artigo the é omitido:

a) antes de nomes de pessoas com ou sem título, nomes de línguas, nome de cidades, estados ou países no singular, continentes,Planetas, nomes de esportes, jogos e ciências.


Ex: Beth, President Bush, Mel Gibson, Tom Cruise, Aunt Jane,

English (Inglês),

Brazil, Salvador, Bahi, Paris, São Paulo, Egypt, Africa - Jupiter

Tennis, Basketball,

Biology (Biologia), geography (geografia)
b) Em geral não se usa the diante de nomes de ruas,avenidas, parques,zoológicos, edifícios, aeroportos, universidades, castelos, estações e lugares dentro de uma cidade, lagos no singular, ilhas no singular, quedas d'água e praias, montanhas no singular, países no singular, continentes, estados, cidades:

Kevin lives in Newton Street. Times Square is in New York.

Kennedy airport Victoria Station

London Zoo Lake Titicaca

Corsica Island Mount Everest

My vacation in Italian was great. New York City is marvelous!

Centrasl Park

Is it "a" monster or "the" monster?

By Edson Joseph Colortheeyear





THE MONSTER IN THE DREAM

I saw a monster

in an awful dream.

The monster saw me

And that's no lie!
He came after me.

I tried to run.

He said in a monster voice:

You're gonna die!


The dream was bad,

The monster was bad

He ate me up

And I ended up in his belly!


Next morning I woke up

All curled up in my blanket,

Promising I'd quit

Watching horror movies in the telly!



( ) No dia seguinte acordei

( ) Eu vi um monstro

( ) O sonho era mau.

( ) assistir aos filmes de horror na telinha!

( ) Ele me perseguiu.

( ) em um sonho horroroso.

( ) prometi nunca mais

( ) E não é mentira

( ) Você vai morrer!

( ) O monstro era mau.

( ) O monstro me viu

( ) O monstro do sonho

( ) Então disse com a sua voz monstruosa:

( )enrolado no meu cobertor,

( ) Devorou-me inteiro

( ) E eu tentei correr.

( ) E acabei na sua barriga!


01) Decide whether to use the definite article >the< or not. If you do not need the article >the<, use x.

1) My grandmother likes ____________flowers very much.

2) I love ______________ flowers in your garden.

3) See you on ________________ Wednesday.

4) I always listen to _________________radio in the morning.

5) Alex goes to work by ___________________bus.

6) Don't be late for ____________________school.

7) Listen! Dennis is playing ______________ trumpet.

8) We often see our cousins over ________________ Easter.

9) She has never been to _________________Alps before.

02) Mark the right option:

_________ Dead Sea is located in the Middle East.

_________ your uncle arrived last Tuesday.

( ) the, the ( ) the, -x- ( ) -x-, the ( ) a, the
03) Choose the alternative the best completes the sentence:

We read ________ long article about ________ United Kingdom.

( ) the, -x- ( ) a, -x- ( ) -x-, -x- ( ) a, the
04) O artigo definido está empregado corretamente na alternativa:

( ) I was in United States the last year.

( ) All the Browns like orange.

( ) The Peter left a minute ago.

( ) The Iraq sells oil to the Brazil.

( ) The cats are domestic animals.


05) Select the best option.

There will always be a conflict between _______ poor and ______ rich. ______ poor people want ________ change but _______ rich people want _______ things to stay _________ same.

( ) -x-, -x-, -x-, -x-, -x-, -x-, the ( ) the, the, -x-, -x-, -x-, -x-, the

( ) the, the, the, a, the, -x-, the ( ) the, -x-, the, -x-, the, -x-, the


06) When I was ________ man, I lived in __________ Russia.

( ) the, the ( ) an, -x- ( ) a, -x- ( ) -x-, the


07) Choose the right alternative:

__________ Mary's brother doesn't play _________ soccer, but he plays ______ guitar and ______ drums.

( ) the, the, the,-x- ( ) -x-, -x-, -x-, the ( ) -x-, the, -x-, -x-

( ) -x-, -x-, the, the


08) Dadas as sentenças:

I. The Browns were here yesterday.

II. He is an university student.

III. I want an information from you.

Constatamos que está(estão) correta(s):

( ) apenas a I ( ) apenas a II ( ) apenas a III ( ) apenas a I e a II

14) 14) Fill in the blanks with the definite article:

I miss ____ Cairo. ______ noise, coffeehouse, women, (From Condé Nest Traveler, June 1984)

( ) -x-, the, the, the ( ) the, -x-, the, -x-

( ) -x-, -x-, the, the ( ) the, the, -x-, -x-


15) Fill in the blanks with the definite article:

___ John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, but _______ Kennedys are still a very important family in _____ country.

( ) -x-, the, the ( ) the, the, the ( ) the, -x-, the ( ) the, the, -x-
16) Fill in the blanks with the definite article:

_____ Claudia always buys _____ cheese and _____ milk from ______ Minas Gerais.

( ) -x-, the, the, -x- ( ) -x-, -x-, -x-, -x-

( ) -x-, the, -x-, the ( ) the, -x-, the, -x-


17) Fill in the blanks with the definite article:

In __________ Brazil, there are some of the most important rivers in ______ world:_________ Amazonas, _______ São Francisco and ______ Paraná.

( ) -x-, the, the, -x-, the ( ) -x-, the, the, the, -x-

( ) the, the, the, the, the ( ) -x-, the, the, the, the


18) Fill in the blanks with the definite article:

- _________ my grandfather usually went to ______ hospital to visit me.

- ______ science and _____ religion are often incompatible.

( ) -x-, the, -x-, -x- ( ) the, the, -x-, -x-

( ) -x-, the, the, -x- ( ) -x-, the, the, -x-
19) Fill in the blanks with the definite article:

- _______ Simpsons moved to _______ Netherlands.

- ________ president of my company talked to ______ President Clinton.

( ) the, -x-, -x-, the ( ) -x-, the, the, the

( ) the, the, the, -x- ( ) -x-, -x-, the, -x-



6) Atenção para a pronúncia das seguintes letras do alfabeto: F, H, L, M, N, R, S e X. Todas têm som vocálico. Veja os exemplos:

An MGM (um estúdio MGM)

An FM disc-jockey ( um disc-jóquei da FM)

An SOS call (uma chamada de socorro)

An L ,(um ele)

An R (um erre)

An X-ray (um raio x)

7) Usamos a diante das palavras que começam com W e Y. Exemplos:



A watch (um relógio) A year (um ano)

A widow (uma viúva) A yellow rose (uma rosa amarela)

A week ( uma semana) A yard ( um quintal)

A waiter (um garçom)

8) Com certas expressões numéricas, de peso, medidas e frequencia. Exemplos:



A dozen ( uma duzia)

A half dozen (meia dúzia)

Ten cents a kilo (dez centavos por quilo)

Eighty kilometers an hour (oitenta quilometros por hora)

Three times a week (três vezes por semana)



01) Look at the occupations, choose the corresponding pictures and complete with A or AN.

( ) ______ teacher ( ) ______ police officer ( ) ______ engineer

( ) ______ lawyer ( ) ______ computer programmer

( ) ______ doctor ( ) ______ taxi driver ( ) ______ dentist

( ) ______ architect ( ) ______ web designer




  1   2


©livred.info 2017
enviar mensagem

    Página principal