Operadores argumentativos



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Extra activities

Elementary

Este material foi adaptado e organizado pela coordenação da escola para uso específico dos alunos do curso Elementary de inglês da Cia Cultural. Logo, poderá ser xerocopiado por eles em substituição ao caderno de exercícios do livro Elementary.
Unit 1

Unit 1

COUNTRIES NATIONALITIES

Argentina - Argentina Argentinean – Argentina

Australia - Austrália Australian – Australiana

Austria - Áustria Austrian – austríaca

Belgium – Bélgica Belgian – belga

Brazil - Brasil Brazilian - brasileira

Canada – Canadá Canadian – canadiana

China – China Chinese – chinesa

Denmark - Dinamarca Danish – dinamarquesa

England - Inglaterra English - Inglesa

Estonia – Estónia Estonian - estónia

Finland – Finlândia Finnish - finlandesa

France – França French - francesa

Germany – Alemanha German - alemã

Greece – Grécia Greek - grega

Hungary – Hungria Hungarian - húngara

India – Índia Indian – Indiana

Ireland - Irlanda Irish – irlandesa

Italy - Itália Italian – italiana

Japan – Japão Japanese – japonesa

Luxembourg – Luxemburgo Luxembourgish – Luxemburguesa

Mexico – México Mexican – mexicano

New Zealand – Nova Zelândia New Zealander – neozelandesa

Norway – Noruega Norwegian – norueguesa

Pakistan – Paquistão Pakistani – paquistanesa

Poland – Polónia Polish – polaca

Portugal – Portugal Portuguese – portuguesa

Scotland – Escócia Scottish – escocesa (britânica)

South Africa – África do Sul South african – sul-africana

Spain – Espanha Spanish – espanhola

Sweden – Suécia Swedish – sueca

Switzerland – Suíça Swiss – suíça

The Netherlands – Holanda Dutch – holandesa

Turkey – Turquia Turkish – turca

United Kingdom – Reino Unido British – britânica

USA – Estados Unidos da América American- americana

Wales – País de Gales Welsh – galesa (britânica)

Grammar review
Como já vimos muitas vezes o verbo “to be” pode significar ‘ser’ ou ‘estar’, dependendo do contexto em que é empregado. Este é um forte que não precisa auxiliar, e também é um verbo muito usado em inglês. Quem ainda não aprendeu aproveite agora para sanar todas as duvidas possíveis.
Infinitivo:

“I want to be with you” – ‘Eu quero estar com você.’

“I want to be a teacher.” – ‘Eu quero ser professor(a).’
Reveja agora conjugado no tempo presente:


  • Conjugado no tempo presente:

“I am your teacher.” – ‘Eu sou seu/sua professor(a).’

“She is american.” – ‘Ela é americana.’

“It is my dog.” – ‘Ele/ela é meu/minha cachorro(a).’

“We are japaneses.” – ‘Nós somos japoneses(as).

“They are my parents.” - ‘Eles são meus pais.’



Agora aproveite o vocabulario das nacionalidades e faça você mesmo frases usando as nacionalidades e o verbo to be:
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________

  • Formas contraídas

Como vocês já viram no Starter é muito comum usarmos o verbo “to be” em suas formas contraídas, abreviadas. Isso porque fica mais curto, fácil e às vezes, mais sonoro também.

I am – I’m

I am not – I’m not

You are – You’re

You are not – You aren’t

He is – He’s

He is not – He isn’t

She is – she’s

She is not – She isn’t

It is – It’s

It is not – It isn’t

We are – we’re

We are not – We aren’t

They are – They’re

They are not – They aren’t
Atenção: Ainda não vimos está possibilidade, porém você também pode optar pela contração na interrogativa negativa, especialmente em ocasiões de uso informal da língua ou nas chamadas “question tags”, frases interrogativas curtas, usadas quando queremos confirmar algo.

Veja a lista completa de contrações (interrogativa negativa):

* Aren’t I? (Aren’t I your friend?)

Aren’t you? (Aren’t you in Brazil?)

Isn’t he? (Isn’t he your brother?)

Isn’t she? (Isn’t she the teacher?)

Isn’t it? (Isn’t it new?)

Aren’t we? (Aren’t we at home?)

Aren’t they? (Aren’t they your parents?)
Atenção, pois temos exceção:
Para construirmos a forma contraída interrogativa negativa com a primeira pessoa do singular, “I”, tomamos emprestado o “are”, que dá origem à forma: “aren’t I?”. Neste caso, ao invés de termos: “Amn’t I?” teremos: “Aren’t I?”.
Exemplos de “question tags”:

I am your friend. Aren’t I?

You are my boss. Aren’t you?

He is here. Isn’t he?

She is my teacher. Isn’t she?

It is my dog. Isn’t it?

We are friends. Aren’t we?

They are at home. Aren’t they?



Exercises
1.0 - NOW, answer these questions:


  • Are you a teacher or student?

_______________________________________________

  • Are you a boy or a girl?

_______________________________________________

  • Are you from Brazil?

_______________________________________________

  • Are you in Brazil now?

_______________________________________________

  • Are you american?

_______________________________________________

  • Is your teacher american?

_______________________________________________

  • Is your mother at home now?

_______________________________________________

  • Is your father or mother at work?

_______________________________________________

  • Are you at school?

_______________________________________________

  • Are you with your friends now?

_______________________________________________

  • Are you with your family?

_______________________________________________

  • Is your mother with you now?

_______________________________________________

  • Are your relatives from Spain?

_______________________________________________

  • Are your parents from Italy?

_______________________________________________

  • Are you all right?

_______________________________________________

2.0 - Complete the sentences
1 She _______________ from Unaí, Minas Gerais.

2 _______________ your friend American?

3 They _______________ married. No, they are single.

4 Your teacher _______________ Australian.

5 _______________ they Japanese?

6 _________________ she your best friend?

7 It _______________ my dog and it ________ his cat.

8 I _____________ not a doctor. I___________ a dentist.

9 You __________________ from Spain. Aren’t you?

10 We ________________ friends. We’re together.

11 We ______________ children. Aren’t we?

12 You ___________ my parents. You’re my family.

13 You _________________ doctors. Aren’t you?

14 They ___________ my relatives. They’re from the USA.

15 They _____________ friends. Aren’t they?

3.0 - Write a or an

_______________ brother

_______________ house

_______________ uncle

_______________ Italian

_______________ phone number



4.0 - Write the correct pronoun
_______________ sister is an architect, not me.

Is this _______________ phone? It’s not mine.

Are they _______________ children? They have the same surname as him.

This is _______________ house. We live here.

Gabriel is married to Ana Paula: he is ___________ husband.
Vocabulary
5.0 Complete the table using words from the box


Country

Nationality

Argentina




Brazil







Turkish




Greek

China





6.0 - Choose a word from the box to make a pair

student / secretary / househusband / nurse / judge

doctor and _______________

manager and _______________

teacher and _______________

lawyer and _______________

housewife and _______________
Reading

Read about Anna and complete the form


My name is Ana Paula. I’m from Brasil. I’m a journalist. I live in Uberlândia. You can contact me on (34) 92629237, or at aninha66646@hotmail.com

First Name: Ana

Surname: _______________

Nationality: _______________

Occupation: _______________

Telephone: _______________

Email: _______________



More vocabulary and Exercises

Countries and nationalities

1.0 - Complete with countries and nationalities.

Country Nationality

(1) _____________ Russian

Brazil (2) _____________

(3) _____________ Spanish

China (4) _____________

(5) _____________ Italian



be: present simple affirmative

2.0 - Complete the sentences with the correct form of be.

a) __________ your camera Japanese?

b) I __________ from Madrid.

c) We __________ Polish.

d) __________ you American?

e) She __________ from Germany.

f) __________ they from China?

a / an

3.0 - Underline the correct word.

a) a / an toothbrush

b) a / an apple

c) a / an umbrella

d) a / an diary

this / these

4.0 - Complete the questions with this or these.

a) What’s _____________ ? It’s a bag.

b) What’s _____________ ? It’s a pen.

c) What are _____________ ? They’re watches.

d) What’s _____________ ? It’s my camera.

e) What are _____________ ? They’re keys.



5.0 - Complete the conversation with the words in the box.

repeat say sorry spell thanks


Student: How do you (1) _____________ ‘clefs’ in English?

Teacher: Keys.

Student: How do you (2) _____________ it?

Teacher: K-E-Y-S.

Student: Can you (3) _____________ that, please?

Teacher: Yes, it’s K-E-Y-S.

Student: (4) _____________ ?

Teacher: K-E-Y-S.

Student: Oh! Keys. OK, (5) _____________ .

Writing

6.0 - Use this information to complete the sentences.

Surname: Moreira

First Name: Eduardo

Marital Status: Single

Occupation: Dentist

Languages: French, English


His name _______________ Eduardo Moreira. ___________________dentist.

_______________ married. He _______________ French _______________ English.


7.0 – Now write about you
My name is ______________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
Family

8.0 - Add the missing vowels (a, e, i, o, u) to complete the male and female family words.

Male Female

a) h _ s b _ n d w _ f _

b) b r _ t h _ r s _ s t _ r

c) _ n c l _ _ _ n t

d) n _ p h _ w n _ _ c _

e) f _ t h _ r m _ t h _ r

f) s _ n d _ _ g h t _ r

9.0 - Complete with the words in the box.

aunt cousins nephews brother-in-law sister-in-law


a) My father’s sister is my __________________ .

b) My brother is Tom. He’s married to Deb. She’s my __________________ .

c) I have five __________________ . They are my uncles’ children.

d) I have one sister. She isn’t married, so I don’t have a __________________ .

e) My brother has two sons. They’re my __________________ .

Possessive ’s / s’

10.0 - Underline the correct word.

a) My brother’s / brothers’ name is Franco.

b) Is your father’s / fathers’ car new?

c) Our niece’s / nieces’ husbands are doctors.

d) My sister’s / sisters’ child is two years old.

e) His daughter’s / daughters’ names are Kelly and Kim.



Unit 2

Unit 2


Grammar - Structure

Vamos relembrar um pouco mais. Você já sabe que quando queremos afirmar ou contar algo no tempo presente, basta colocarmos o verbo desejado depois da pessoa (pronome), e está feito.



Por exemplo: I (pessoa) + work (verbo) = I work (Eu trabalho)

Continuando: Para construirmos uma pergunta no tempo presente em língua inglesa, usamos uma palavrinha que não é traduzida no português o auxiliar, “Do”. (Caso vá ao dicionário irá ver que significa fazer porém como auxiliar não usamos está tradução.) Ele aparece logo no início da frase indicando que se trata de uma pergunta sobre hábitos ou acontecimentos no tempo presente.

Perceba que para fazermos a pergunta “Você trabalha?” em língua inglesa, temos a seguinte sequência de palavras : “Do you work?”

Já na resposta afirmativa, “Yes, I do or yes, I work” = “Sim, eu trabalho” o auxiliar “Do” poderá ou não aparecer.

Sabemos que este tempo verbal pede o uso de ES,Do na primeira pessoa e DOES,DOESN`T na terceira pessoa(he,she,it.).Veja:



1)O tempo verbal present simple (ou simple present) tem as seguintes formas:
I like eu gosto  
you like tu gostas  
he / she / it likes ele(a) gosta  
we like nós gostamos  
you like vós gostais  
they like eles(as) gostam 

A tradução (para a língua portuguesa) da conjugação deste tempo verbal present simple é apenas um dos exemplos possíveis entre vários, estando este tempo verbal dependente do contexto de uma frase.

Na negativa:

I do not like - I don't like 
you do not like - you don't like 
he / she / it does not like - he / she / it doesn't like 
we do not like - we don't like 
you do not like - you don't like 
they do not like - they don't like 


na interrogativa:

Do I like? 
Do you like? 
Does he / she / it like? 
Do we like? 
Do you like? 
Do they like? 

na interrogativa negativa:

Do I not like? - Don't I like? 
Do you not like? - Don't you like? 
Does he / she / it not like? - Doesn't he / she / it like? 
Do we not like? - Don't we like? 
Do you not like? - Don't you like? 
Do they not like? - Don't they like? 

nas respostas breves:

Yes, I / you / we / they do. 
he / she / it does. 
No, I / you / we / they do not / don't. 
he / she / it does not / doesn't. 

Exercises

1.0 - Now answer the questions

Por exemplo: Para a pergunta: “Do you like to travel?” prefira “Yes, I like to travel.” ao invés de apenas “Yes.” ou “Yes, I like.”

  1. I work. And you, do you work?

_____________________________________________

  1. I don’t like to work. And you, do you like to work?

_____________________________________________

  1. I travel. And you, do you travel?

_____________________________________________

  1. I like to travel. And you, do you like to travel?

_____________________________________________

  1. I study. And you, do you study?

_____________________________________________

  1. I like to study. And you, do you like to study?

_____________________________________________

2.0 - Make interrogative sentences.

  1. We work with my friends.

_____________________________________________

2. You work with your family.

_____________________________________________



3. I study Portuguese with my teacher.

_____________________________________________



4. You like to study English.

_____________________________________________



5. I like to study with my friend.

_____________________________________________



6. You like to travel with your friend.

_____________________________________________



7. I like to travel with my family and friends.

_____________________________________________



8. I like to study English with you.

_____________________________________________



9. We study English together.

_____________________________________________



10. I like to work and study with my friends.

_____________________________________________



11. I don’t like to travel alone.

_____________________________________________



12. We work together.

_____________________________________________



13. We don’t like to work alone.

_____________________________________________

14. She likes to work in Cia Cultural.

_____________________________________________

15. He doesn´t study portuguese.

_____________________________________________

16. It doesn´t eat meat.

_____________________________________________

17. He meets Xuxa.

_____________________________________________

18. She watches filmes at home.

_____________________________________________



Caso queira conferir seu entendimento aqui está a tradução das frases/ respostas acima:

  1. Eu trabalho com meus amigos / minhas amigas.

  2. Você trabalha com sua família.

  3. Eu estudo português com meu professor / minha professora.

  4. Você gosta de estudar inglês.

  5. Eu gosto de estudar com meu amigo / minha amiga.

  6. Você gosta de viajar com seu amigo / sua amiga.

  7. Eu gosto de viajar com minha família e amigos / amigas.

  8. Eu gosto de estudar com você.

  9. Nós estudamos inglês juntos(as).

  10. Eu gosto de trabalhar e estudar com meus amigos / minhas amigas.

  11. Eu não gosto de viajar sozinha.

  12. Nós trabalhamos juntos(as).

  13. Nós não gostamos de trabalhar sozinhos(as).

14. Ela gosta de trabalhar na Cia Cultural

15. Ele não estuda português

16. Ele/ela não come carne.

17. Ele conhece a Xuxa.

18. Ela assiste filmes em casa

3.0 – Now answer these questions


  1. Do you like to study?

_____________________________________________

  1. Do you study Portuguese or English?

_____________________________________________

  1. Do you like to study English?

_____________________________________________

  1. Do you like to study with your family?

_____________________________________________

  1. Do you like to study alone?

_____________________________________________

  1. I like to work, and you?

_____________________________________________

  1. Do you like to work with your friends?

_____________________________________________

  1. I like to travel, and you?

_____________________________________________

  1. Do you like to study English with your teacher?

_____________________________________________

  1. Do you like to study or work?

_____________________________________________

  1. I like to travel with my family, and you?

_____________________________________________

  1. I don’t like to travel alone, and you?

_____________________________________________

13. Do we study English together?

_____________________________________________

14. Do you work in the morning?

_____________________________________________

15. Do you study at night?

__________________________________________________________________


16. Do you work in the morning or at night?

____________________________________________

18. I don’t like to work at night, and you?

_____________________________________________

19. At night, I like to study English. Do you like to study English at night?

__________________________________________________________________

20. I don’t like to travel in the afternoon, and you?

_____________________________________________

21. Do you like to work with your family or alone?

_____________________________________________

22. I don’t study Portuguese, I study English. And you?

_____________________________________________

22. Does your friend speak English?

_____________________________________________

23. Does your sister want go home now?

____________________________________________

24. Does she want to stay here?

____________________________________________

25. Does your father like rice and beans for lunch?

_____________________________________________

26. Does he like meat or chicken?

____________________________________________

27. Does he eat rice and beans every day?

_____________________________________________

28. Does he drink coffee or tea in the morning?

_____________________________________________

29. Does your daughter like to go to school in the morning or afternoon?

_____________________________________________

30. Does your client need to go now?

_____________________________________________




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