Municipalitetebis sazRvrebis efeqturoba da optimizaciis perspeqtivebi



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aleqsandre svaniSvili

saqarTvelos prezidentis regionaluri politikisa da marTvis samsaxuri



daviT losaberiZe

mSvidobis, demokratiisa da ganviTarebis kavkasiuri instituti




municipalitetebis sazRvrebis efeqturoba

da optimizaciis perspeqtivebi

(arsebuli xedvebi)
saZiebeli

1. arsebuli administraciul-teritoriuli dayofa

1.1. teritoriuli mowyobis saTaveebTan

1.2. ganviTarebis safexurebi damoukideblobis periodSi

1.3. moqmedi struqtura

a. zeda (regionaluri) done

b. saSualo (mmarTvelobis) done

g. qveda (TviTmmarTvelobis) done

2. decentralizaciis procesis Semaferxebeli garemoebebi


2.1. ZiriTadi problemebi decentralizaciis procesSi


a. qveda doneze wvril TviTmmarTvel erTeulTa simravle

b. marTvis sistemebis iracionaluri xasiaTi

g. fiskaluri problemebi

2.2. administraciul-teritoriuli reformis aucilebloba



a. teritoriuli mowyobis mravalsafexurianoba da misi "vertikaluri" xasiaTi

b. mcire zomis erTeulTa gansakuTrebuli simravle qveda safexurze

3. administraciul-teritoriuli reformis miznebi


3.1. reformis ideologia

3.2. reformis miznebi

4. mosazrebebi administraciul-teritoriul mowyobasTan dakavSirebiT

4.1. saparlamento fraqciaTa mosazrebebi



a. fraqcia "moqalaqeTa kavSiris" kanonproeqti

b. fraqcia "tradicionalistis" kanonproeqti

g. fraqcia "aliansi –- axali saqarTvelos" winadadebebi

d. sxva fraqciaTa winadadebebi

4.2. "saqarTvelos administraciul-teritoriuli mowyobis reformis" saxelmwifo programa

5. optimaluri, alternatiuli variantis ZiebaSi

5.1. municipalitetTa ricxvis zrda maTi Semdgomi dayofis gziT

5.2. adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis ordoniani sistema

5.3. erTdoniani TviTmmarTveloba raionul doneze

5.4. erTdoniani TviTmmarTveloba municipalur doneze

6. sistemis reformis ZiriTadi principebi

6.1. umTavresi funqciebi da xedvebi

6.2. problemebis identifikacia da gadawyveta



a. zogadi saxis problemebi

b. sistemuri xasiaTis problemebi

g. funqcionaluri xasiaTis problmebi

6.3. gadawyvetis gzebi da etapebi



a. municipaluri done

b. mmarTvelobis Sualeduri done

g. municipalitetTa gamsxvilebis procesis ZiriTadi principebi

7. daskvnebi. ganviTarebis tendenciebi da perspeqtivebi

danarTi. statistikuri monacemebi
1. arsebuli administraciul-teritoriuli dayofa

1.1. teritoriuli mowyobis saTaveebTan

istoriulad saqarTveloSi administraciul-teritoriuli dayofis ori donis gamoyofa aris SesaZlebeli. esenia adgilobrivi (e.w. pirveli anu qveda – qalaqi, daba, Temi, sofeli) da Sualeduri (anu regionaluri – mxare, kuTxe, provincia) doneebi.

istoriis manZilze pirveli donis, ZiriTadad soflebisa da Temebis, teritoriebi da sazRvrebi xSirad icvleboda. aseve icvleboda qalaqebisa da dabebis mosaxleobis odenoba da ekonomikuri potenciali. saukuneTa ganmavlobaSi mravali dasaxlebuli punqti saerTod gaqra da warmoiSva axali, sxvadasxva periodSi gansxvavebuli sididis iyo dReisaTvis arsebuli dasaxlebuli punqtebic.

amave dros yvela maTgans aerTianebda erTi saerTo principi – isini iqmnebodnen garkveul, erTiani ekonomikuri Tu geografiuli pirobebis mqone teritoriebze. saqarTvelos geografiuli pirobebidan gamomdinare (mTiani reliefi, mdinareebi da a.S.), SesaZloa ama Tu im teritoriuli erTeulis centrs Seecvala adgilmdebareoba, magram naklebad xdeboda Camoyalibebuli sazRvrebis mniSvnelovani cvla. anlogiuri suraTi qveyanaSi faqtiurad ucvleli iyo brinjaos xanidan moyolebuli.

dasaxlebul punqtebs gaaCndaT TavianTi mmarTvelobis sistemac. TemebSi (ramdenime soflis gaerTianeba) da calkeul soflebSi es iyo uxucesTa da mamasaxlisTa instituti, romelmac, garkveuli saxecvlilebebiT XX saukunis dasawyisamde iarseba.

qalaqis tipis dasaxlebuli punqtebisaTvis, antikuri da feodaluri periodis ganmavlobaSi, ufro rTuli da sistematizebuli mmarTvelobis formebi iyo damaxasiaTebeli. isini sxvadasxva periodSi flobdnen garkveuli xarisxis avtonomiasac mmarTvelobis sferoSi. amave dros saqarTveloSi, mcire gamonaklisis garda (Tbilisi, XI-XII ss mijna) ar Camoyalibebula sruli TviTmmarTveloba dasavleT evropis komunebis msgavsad.

administraciul-teritoriuli erTeulebis zeda donis (mxareebi) cvlilebis procesi kidev ufro meti konservatizmiT xasiaTdeba. Tanamedrove istoriuli kuTxeebis umravlesobis sazRvrebi Zv.wT. II aTaswleulSi ZiriTadad Camoyalibda da mas mere mniSvnelovani cvlileba aRar ganucdia. es teritoriebi, saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebriobis arsebobis mTel manZilze xan damoukidebel politikur gaerTianebebs warmoadgendnen, xanac erTiani qarTuli saxelmwifos Semadgenel nawilebs. ucxoelTa mier (romi, arabebi, monRolebi, irani, otomanTa imperia, ruseTi da sxv.) saqarTvelos dapyrobis periodSic calkeul provinciaTa sazRvrebi, ucxouri administraciis kontrolqveS yofnis miuxedavad, TiTqmis ucvleli rCeboda.

bunebrivia, calkeul administraciul erTeulTa sazRvrebis ucvleloba ganpirobebuli iyo ara Camoyalibebuli tradiciis urRveobis surviliT, aramed ekonomikur-geografiuli faqtorebis zegavleniT.

ruseTis imperiis mier saqarTvelos aneqsiis Semdeg, 1801 wlidan moyolebuli, mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi moxda qveynis administraciul-teritoriul mowyobaSi. ganxorcielda saqarTvelos dayofa axal adminisraciuli erTeulebad – mazrebad. TiToeuli calkeuli msxvili istoriuli mxaris teritoriaze Seiqmna 1 an 2 mazra, xolo mcire istoriuli kuTxeebi gaerTiandnen ufro msxvil mazrebad. XIX saukuneSi ganxorcielebuli reformebis Sedegad aTamde istoriuli mxaris nacvlad Seiqmna daax. 20 mazra. aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom mazrebis sazRvrebi, igive geografiuli da ekonomikuri mosazrebebidan gamomdinare, ZiriTadad emTxveoda istoriuli olqebis sazRvrebs.

dasaxlebuli punqtebis doneze mniSvnelovani cvlilebebi ar momxdara, Tu ar CavTvliT XIX saukunis 60-ian wlebSi SedarebiT msxvil qalaqebSi SezRuduli TviTmmarTvelobis SemoRebis faqts.

saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis (1918-1921) arsebobis periodSi, 1919 wels qveyanaSi Catarebuli pirveli demokratiuli municipaluri arCevnebi swored mazrebis bazaze ganxorcielda. Semdgomi reformebis procesi bolSevikuri ruseTis mxridan ganxorcielebulma agresiam (1921) da saqarTvelos iZulebiTma Sesvlam sabWoTa kavSiris SemadgenlobaSi (1922) SeaCera.

sabWoTa periodSi (1920-iani wlebi) mazrebis sistema gauqmda da moxda saqarTvelos dayofa raionebad. raionebi zomiT bevrad Camouvardeboda rogorc istoriul mxareebs, ise mazrebs. raionTa odenoba xSirad icvleboda. 1991 wlisaTvis saqarTveloSi iyo 85 raioni da msgavsi statusis mqone administraciuli erTeuli (m.S. Tbilisis 10 raioni).

raionebis sistemis SemoReba ganpirobebuli iyo totalitaruli sistemisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli xelisuflebis koncentraciis aucileblobiT. administraciul erTeulTa politikuri Tu ekonomikuri marTva sabWouri meTodebiT SeuZlebeli iqneboda SedarebiT msxvili da meti Sinagani avtonomiis mqone qveda donis administraciuli erTeulebis arsebobis pirobebSi.

aRsaniSnavia isic, rom sabWouri sistema ar iTvaliswinebda kompetenciaTa gamijvnas respublikur, avtonomiaTa, raionebisa da municipaluri donis xelisuflebebs Soris da yvela donis sabWoebs erTi da igive sakiTxebSi erTnair ufleba-movaleobebs akisrebda. am garemoebam, damoukideblobis mopovebis Semdeg mmarTvelobis sxvadasxva doneebs Soris winaaRmdegobis warmoqmnasa da gaZlierebas Seuwyo xeli, ramac kanonTa omis forma miiRo.

kidev erTi garemoeba, romelic gaTvaliswinebuli unda iqnes, aris is, rom raionuli sazRvrebi Zalze xSirad ar emTxveoda tradiciulad Camiyalibebul geografiul da ekonomikur sazRvrebs. raionTa Seqmna Zalze xSirad komunisturi biurokratiuli elitis politikuri Tu merkantiluri interesebis dakmayofilebis mizniT xdeboda.
1.2. ganviTarebis safexurebi damoukideblobis periodSi

saqarTvelos arsebuli teritoriuli dayofa Camoyalibda 1921 wlidan "demokratiuli centralizmis" sabWouri principis mixedviT. Sesabamisad qveyana iyofoda or avtonomiur respublikad, erT avtonomiur olqad, 65 raionad, 10 respublikuri daqvemdebarebis qalaqad da 942 sasoflo sabWod. damoukideblobis aRdgenis Semdeg iyo garkveuli mcdeloba arsebuli dayofis Secvlisa. kerZod, 1990 wlis 11 dekembers saqarTvelos uzenaesi sabWos mier gauqmebuli iqna samxreT oseTis avtonomiuri olqi. aseve gauqmebuli iqna am olqSi Semavali cxinvalisa da yornisis raionebi, romlebic SeuerTdnen gorisa da qarelis raionebs. magram es cvlilebebi ganpirobebuli iyo ara administraciul-teritoriuli reformis gatarebis, aramed umTavresad politikuri motiviT. aseTma cvlilebebma erTiorad gazarda gorisa da qarelis raionis teritoriebi, gaarTula am raionebSi procesebis marTva. amas Tan erTvoda cxinvalis regionSi Seqmnili konfliqturi mdgomareoba. am sakiTxebis gadawyvetis mizniT 1993 wlidan saxelmwifos meTauris brZanebulebiT SemoRebuli iqna specialuri Temis instituti. yofil cxinvalis raionis teritoriaze Seiqmna eredvisa da qurTis, xolo yofil yornisis raionis teritoriaze - TiRvis specialuri Temebi. es specialuri Temebi aerTianeben cxinvalis regionSi saqarTvelos centraluri xelisuflebis iurisdiqciaSi myof teritoriaze arsebul soflebsa da Temebs da Tavisi statusiT uTanabrdebodnen raionebs. afxazeTis konfliqtis Semdeg analogiuri statusis Temi Seiqmna afxazeTSi saqarTvelos umaRlesi xelisuflebis mier kontrolirebad teritoriaze – kodoris xeobaSi.

Semdgom periodSi, am mimarTebiT sxva raime principuli xasiaTis cvlilebebi saxelmwifo teritoriul mowyobaSi aRar Sesula. es ZiriTadad gamowveuli iyo im periodSi qveynis xelmZRvanelobaSi arsebuli xedviT, romlis Tanaxmadac qveynis da saxelmwifobriobis gadarCenis erTaderTi gza marTvis centralizebuli sistemis arsebobas gulisxmobda, xolo arsebuli dayofa ki savsebiT esadageboda centralizebuli saxelmwifos principebs. magram amasTanave, kerZod 1993 wlis bolodan, centralizebuli marTvis ganxorcielebis aucileblobam warmoaCina saqarTvelosTvis uaRresad mniSvnelovani, fundamentaluri amocana - saxelmwifoebriobis gadarCena gulisxmobda saxelmwifos regionaluri politikis formirebasac. kritikul viTarebaSi aSkarad gamovlinda saqarTvelos bunebrivi politikur-teritoriuli wyobis specifiuroba. aRmoCnda, rom TviT centralizebuli marTvisas saerTo saxelmwifo interesebis dacva yovlad SeuZlebelia qveynis regionaluri problematikis gaTvaliswinebis gareSe. ufro metic: xelisuflebis miswrafebam, ganexorcielebina efeqturi centralizebuli mmarTveloba, dRis wesrigSi daayena mmarTvelobis regionaluri (samxareo) donis Seqmnis aucilebloba. raionul doneze ver xerxdeboda ama Tu im mxarisTvis damaxasiaTebeli saerTo saxelmwifo mniSvnelobisa da rangis problemis gadaWra, amavdroulad swored mxare aRmoCnda yvelaze optimaluri done adgilobriv da saerTo-saxelmwifoebriv interesTa Soris swori balansis gamosaZebnad.

1993 wlis oqtombridan qveyanaSi daiwyo saxelmwifos meTauris rwmunebulisa da samxareo administraciebis institutebis SemoReba. 1993-95 wlebSi qveyana, avtonomiuri respublikebis garda, faqtiurad daiyo cxra regionad. yovel regionSi daniSnuli iqna saxelmwifo rwmunebulebi, romelTa uflebamosileba ganisazRvreboda saqarTvelos prezidentis mier damtkicebuli yvela mxarisaTvis individualuri debulebebiT. rwmunebuli iyo prezidentis warmomadgeneli, romelsac evaleboda misadmi daqvemdebarebul teritoriaze Tvalyuri edevnebina da zedamxedveloba gaewia saerTo saxelmwifo interesebis dacvisaTvis. maTi funqcia iyo zedamxedveloba kanonierebis da adamianis uflebebis dacvis, marTlwesrigis da uSiSroebis, ekonomikuri reformebis mimdinareobis sakiTxebze. rwmunebulTan arsebobda kolegialuri organo – saxelmwifo rwmunebulis administracia, romelic uflebamosili iyo zemo aRniSnul sakiTxebze mieRo normatiuli xasiaTis gadawyvetilebebi. rwmunebulis institutis SeqmnasTan erTad Camoyalibeba daiwyo regionalurma samsaxurebma, romlebic warmoadgendnen saministroebis teritoriul organoebs.

1995 w. miRebuli iqna saqarTvelos konstitucia, romelSic Riad darCa saxelmwifo teritoriuli mowyobis sakiTxi. konstituciis me-2 muxli me-3 punqtSi aRniSnuli iqna, rom saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi teritoriuli mowyoba ganisazRvreba konstituciuri kanoniT uflebamosilebaTa urTierTgamijvnis principis safuZvelze qveynis mTel teritoriaze saqarTvelos iurisdiqciis srulad aRdgenis Semdeg. Sesabamisad ar moxda faqtobrivad arsebuli samxareo dayofis iuridiulad gaformeba. ufro metic, konstituciam gaauqma manamde moqmedi ZiriTadi kanoni "xelisuflebis Sesaxeb", romelic warmoadgenda saxelmwifo rwmunebulis institutis arsebobis umTavres iuridiul safuZvels da es instituti faqtiurad kanonis miRma darCa. Tumca, 1997 wlis TebervalSi parlamentis mier miRebuli iqna kanoni "saxelmwifo rwmunebulis fondis Sesaxeb", romelmac mxaris socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebis programebis gansaxorcieleblad saWiro finansuri bazis Seqmnas Cauyara safuZveli. xolo 1997 wlis aprilSi miRebuli kanoniT "aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis struqturisa da saqmianobis wesis Sesaxeb" moxda saxelmwifo rwmunebulis institutis dakanoneba. kanonis 32-e muxliT ganisazRvra, rom rwmunebuli aris saqarTvelos prezidentis warmomadgeneli kanoniT dadgenil teritoriul erTeulebSi an calkeul davalebaTa Sesasruleblad. samwuxarod kanonma aRar gaiTvaliswina samxareo administraciis, rogorc kolegialuri organos arseboba da saxelmwifo rwmunebuls dautova mxolod individualuri xasiaTis samarTlebrivi aqtis gamocemis ufleba.

1999 wels miRebuli iqna rwmunebulebis uflebamosilebaTa damdgeni erTiani debuleba, romelmac ZiriTadad igive - zedamxedvelobis xasiaTis funqciebi mianiWa rwmunebulebs.

1998 wels Catarebuli adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebis Semdeg, romelmac safuZveli daudo saqarTveloSi TviTmmarTvelobaTa Camoyalibebasa da marTvis decentralizaciis process, kidev ufro aSkara gaxda qveynis arsebuli administraciul-teritoriuli dayofis reformirebis aucilebloba. adgilobrivi organoebis arCevnebi Catarda saqarTvelos 1031 administraciul erTeulSi (971 TviTmmarTvel (sofeli, Temi, daba, qalaqi) da 60 adgilobriv mmarTvelobiT (qalaqi, romelic ar Sedis raionis SemadgenlobaSi da raioni) erTeulSi).

aRsaniSnavia, rom 1997 wels miRebulma "adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobisa da mmarTvelobis Sesaxeb" saqarTvelos organulma kanonma garkveuli koreqtivebi Seitana manamde arsebul administraciul-teritoriul dayofaSi. e. w. qalaqis zonebi (gagris, tyibulis, wyaltubos da WiaTuris) gardaiqmnen raionebad. uaryofili iqna qalaqebis respublikur, avtonomiur respublikur da raionul daqvemdebarebad dayofa. organuli kanoniT ganisazRvra qalaqis sami kategoria: 1. saqarTvelos dedaqalaqi; 2. gansakuTrebuli statusis mqone qalaqi, romelic ar Sedis raionis SemadgenlobaSi (baTumi, rusTavi, soxumi, foTi, quTaisi, cxinvali); 3. qalaqebi, romlebic Sedian raionis SemadgenlobaSi. amave kanonis safuZvelze 1999 wlis 14 maiss saqarTvelos prezidentis #321 brZanebulebiT damtkicebuli iqna debuleba "saqarTvelos administraciul mowyobis sakiTxTa gadawyvetis wesis Sesaxeb". am debulebiT ganisazRvra saqarTvelos qalaqebis, raionebis, qalaqis raionebis, Temebis, dabebis da soflebis Seqmnisa da gauqmebis, maTi sazRvrebis dadgenisa da Secvlis, gardaqmnis, saxelis darqmeva-gadarqmevis aRricxvisa da registraciis wesi. am debulebis Sesabamisad 1999-2002 wlebSi ganxorcielda administraciul-teritoriuli cvlilebebi. ZiriTadad moxda soflebis gamoyofa Temebidan. kerZod, saqarTvelos prezidentis 2000 wlis 7 martis #83, 2001 wlis 27 seqtembris # 389 da 2002 wlis 2 maisis # 207 brZanebulebebiT moxda sxva da sxva sasoflo Temebidan soflebis gamoyofa da Seiqmna 27 axali administraciuli erTeuli. Sesabamisad, 2002 wlis 2 ivniss arCevnebi Catarda 998 TviTmmarTvel erTeulSi.


1.3. moqmedi struqtura

saqarTvelos dRes arsebul teritoriul mowyobaSi defaqto arsebobs sami done:

a. zeda (e.w. regionaluri) done, romelTan erTadac SesaZloa pirobiTad movixsenioT dedaqalaqi – Tbilisi, aseve afxazeTisa da aWaris avtonomiuri respublikebi);

b. saSualo done (raioni da eqvsi qalaqi, romelic ar Sedis raionis daqvemdebarebaSi);

g. qveda done (sofeli, Temi, daba, qalaqi)

a. zeda (regionaluri) done

1993-95 wlebSi moxda ekonomikuri, geografiuli, istoriuli da eTnikuri niSnis mixedviT raionebis dajgufeba (avtonomiuri respublikebSi Semavali raionebis garda), ris Sedegadac qveyana faqtiurad daiyo cxra regionad da yovel regionSi daniSnuli iqna prezidentis saxelmwifo rwmunebulebi, magram, imis gamo, rom yofili samxreT oseTis avtonomiuri olqis, xolo Semdeg afxazeTis avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriebze konfliqtebis eskalaciis Sedegad aRniSnuli teritoriebis didi nawili moeqca separatiuli Zalebis xelSi, saqarTvelos konstituciaSi saqarTvelos saxelmwifo teritoriuli mowyobis sakiTxi dRemde Riadaa datovebuli. konstituciis me-2 muxlis me-3 punqtis Tanaxmad "saqarTvelos saxelmwifoebrivi teritoriuli mowyoba ganisazRvreba konstituciuri kanoniT uflebamosilebaTa urTierTgamijvnis principis safuZvelze qveynis mTel teritoriaze saqarTvelos iurisdiqciis srulad aRdgenis Semdeg".

konstituciis am debulebam gadasdo rogorc afxazeTisa da aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis statusis gansazRvris, ise faqtiurad arsebuli regionebis iuridiulad dakanonebis sakiTxi.

am doneze iuridiulad gadawyvetilia mxolod qveynis dedaqalaqis sakiTxi, romlis statusi, saxelmwifosa da dedaqalaqis erToblivi kompetenciebi, dedaqalaqis warmomadgenlobiTi da aRmasrulebeli organoebis uflebamosileba da Seqmnis wesi konstituciisa da "adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobisa da mmarTvelobis Sesaxeb" organuli kanonis Sesabamisad dadgenilia kanoniT "saqarTvelos dedaqalaqis - Tbilisis Sesaxeb". dedaqalaqi iyofa 5 raionad, magram dedaqalaqis raionebSi warmomadgenlobiTi organoebi ar iqmneba. arsebobs mxolod aRmasrulebeli organoebi – raionis gamgeobebi. dedaqalaqs aqvs erTiani warmomadgenlobiTi organo – sakrebulo. dedaqalaqis erTiani aRmasrulebeli organoa mTavroba, romlis SemadgenlobaSi Tanamdebobrivad Sedian dedaqalaqis raionis gamgeblebi.

amdenad, faqtobrivad regionaluri done moicavs 12 erTeuls, Tumca maTgan mxolod sami: dedaqalaqi, afxazeTisa da aWaris avtonomiuri respublikebi arian konstituciiT dafiqsirebulni.

b. saSualo (mmarTvelobis) done

saSualo dones warmoadgenen raionebi da e.w. damoukidebeli qalaqebi (qalaqebi, romlebic ar Sedian raionis SemadgenlobaSi). saqarTvelo iyofa 67 raionad da 6 "damoukidebel" qalaqad. maTgan 6 raioni da 1 "damoukidebeli" qalaqi Sedis afxazeTis, xolo 5 raioni da 1 "damoukidebeli" qalaqi aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis SemadgenlobaSi.

2001 wlis 2 agvistos "adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobisa da mmarTvelobis Sesaxeb" saqarTvelos organul kanonSi Setanili cvlilebebis Sedegad qalaqebs, romlebic ar Sedian raionis SemadgenlobaSi, sxva dasaxlebebis msgavsad mieniWaT TviTmmarTveli erTeulis statusi. Tumca, amave dros am qalaqebs delegirebuli aqvT im uflebamosilebis ganxorcielebac, rac amave organuli kanonis Tanaxmad miekuTvneba adgilobrivi mmarTvelobis kompetencias.

g. qveda (TviTmmarTvelobis) done

qveda (TviTmmarTvelobis) dones warmoadgenen soflebi, Temebi, dabebi da qalaqebi, romlebic erTiandebian raionebSi.

"saqarTvelos administraciuli mowyobis sakiTxTa gadawyvetis Sesaxeb" saqarTvelos prezidentis mier damtkicebuli debulebis Tanaxmad:

sofeli warmoadgens dasaxlebas (miuxedavad mosaxleobis raodenobisa), romlis sazRvrebSi moqceulia sasoflo-sameurneo saqmianobisaTvis gaTvaliswinebuli miwa da sxva bunebrivi resursebi.

Temi aris ori an meti dasaxlebis (ZiriTadad ramodenime soflis) gaerTianeba, romelsac gaaCnia adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis erTiani organo da administraciuli centri. TemSi gaerTianebul soflebSi irCeva mxolod Temis TviTmmarTvelobis organoebi.

daba aris aranakleb 3000 mosaxlisagan Semdgari dasaxleba, romelsac aqvs samrewvelo sawarmoebi, komunaluri meurneoba, samkurnalo da socialur-kulturul dawesebulebaTa qseli, riTac igi asrulebs adgilobriv ekonomikur-kulturul centris funqciebs.

qalaqi aris aranakleb 5000 mosaxlisagan Semdgari msxvili dasaxleba, romelsac gaaCnia saqalaqo meurneoba da warmoadgens ekonomikur da kulturul centrs.

sul saqarTveloSi aris 55 qalaqi, romelic Sedis raionis daqvemdebarebaSi, 49 daba, 843 Temi da 164 sofeli, romelSic irCeva adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis organoebi.

amdenad, qveda (TviTmmarTvelobis) doneze sul aris 1111 TviTmmarTveli erTeuli, romlebic mTlianobaSi moicaven 4597 dasaxlebas. 2002 w. adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis warmomadgenlobiTi organoebis arCevnebi Catarda 998 TviTmmarTvel erTeulSi. arCevnebi ar Catarebula afxazeTis avtonomiuri respublikisa da yofili samxreT oseTis avtonomiuri olqis im teritoriaze, sadac ar vrceldeba saqarTvelos iurisdiqcia.
2. decentralizaciis procesis Semaferxebeli garemoebebi




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