Lower city a film by Sérgio Machado Produced by: Walter Salles Maurício Andrade Ramos



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LOWER CITY
A film by

Sérgio Machado


Produced by:

Walter Salles

Maurício Andrade Ramos
with

Alice Braga

Lázaro Ramos

Wagner Moura

Running Time: 97 minutes Certificate: 18 Release date: 2nd Dec TBC


For information, please contact:

Keeley Naylor / Zoe Flower

Emfoundation

keeley@emfoundation.co.uk / zoe@emfoundation.co.uk

Tel: 020 7247 4171 Fax: 020 7247 4170

To download photography, please go to

www.vervepics.com

I’m interested in films that speak about people, not about great events – this story is not an exposé of the living conditions among waterfront prostitutes and hustlers. It’s a story about people like us, who desire, feel, love, suffer, weep, get horny, get pissed, have orgasms, it’s good and it’s bad, it’s violent and it’s peaceful – Sergio Machado



SHORT SYNOPSIS
‘Lower City’ is the story of a love triangle between friends Deco and Naldinho and stripper Karinna – a tale of jealousy, temptation and lust: the ultimate test of friendship. ‘Lower City’ is directed by Sergio Machado and produced by the director of ‘The Motorcycle Diaries’, Walter Salles.

SYNOPSIS
Deco and Naldinho have known each other since they were kids. They make their living together doing cargo jobs and petty hustling on board the Danny Boy, a motor boat they own as partners. The story begins when the two friends offer a ride to Karinna, a stripper set on finding work in Salvador. Karinna sleeps with both men in return for the lift.

After unloading cargo in the town of Cachoeira, the two friends go out to have some fun. Naldinho bets the money they made on the cargo, gets mixed up in a fight, and ends up getting stabbed. Deco comes to his friend’s defense, fatally wounding the aggressor. They are forced to flee to Salvador. While Naldinho is recovering, Deco sets out to make some money to help his friend, and Karinna starts working in the Xanadu nightclub.

Despite now being in the big city, the two friends keep crossing paths with Karinna. As the story unfolds, the attraction grows between Deco, Naldinho, and Karinna, and they are faced with the possibility of life as a threesome. Desire soon turns to obsession.

Deco and Naldinho are sucked into a whirlwind of jealousy and petty grudges that ends up undermining their friendship as they realise that they don’t want to live without Karinna anymore. They start visiting her separately and contending to win her heart.

The relationship between the three begins to fall apart, and they go their separate ways. Deco goes back to boxing, Karinna keeps working in the nightclub, and Naldinho starts holding up drugstores. Suffocated, unable to go on without each other, the three come together once again. This new reckoning leads them down a path of no return.


PRESENTATION
“Lower City”, by Sérgio Machado, is the story of a love triangle between friends Deco (Lázaro Ramos) and Naldinho (Wagner Moura) and stripper Karinna (Alice Braga) on the waterfront area of Salvador and other cities of the State of Bahia, on the Northeast coast of Brazil.
Produced by VideoFilmes and in Official Selection in Un Certain Regard at the 58th Cannes Film Festival, “Lower City” follows the paths of these three characters as they look to find a sense of direction through love. Ultimately their lives are drawn into a spiral of passion and sex, jealousy and rage.
“Lower City” marks the feature debut of Bahian filmmaker Sérgio Machado, who directed the award-winning documentary “At the Edge of the Earth” and was assistant director to Walter Salles on “Central Station”, “Midnight”, and “Behind the Sun”.
Walter Salles (“Foreign Land”, “The Motorcycle Diaries”) produced the film together with Maurício Andrade Ramos. To write the script with him, Sérgio invited Karim Aïnouz, director of “Madame Satã” (shown in Un Certain Regard in 2002). The soundtrack was written by the world-renowned Carlinhos Brown, in his first project for cinema, in collaboration with Beto Vilares.

LETTER FROM SÉRGIO MACHADO TO THE CAST (written during preparations for the film):

Truffaut once said that cinema is the truth 24 frames per second. It’s this kind of cinema that interests me.

People have to believe in every second of our film– if for one instant people doubt that it’s the truth, we’ve gone wrong somewhere.

I’m interested in films that speak about people, not about great events – this story is not an exposé of the living conditions among waterfront prostitutes and hustlers. It’s a story about people like us, who desire, feel, love, suffer, weep, get horny, get pissed, have orgasms, it’s good and it’s bad, it’s violent and it’s peaceful...

I think we should seek out the contradictions in our characters, make them human, and give them life. The rehearsal period will be crucial for this. The script should be seen as a tour guidebook (the word for script in Portuguese, roteiro, is suggestive of this, since it’s akin to “route”) – we can and should search for alternative paths, find shortcuts or sometimes even more winding roads.

One of the greatest risks we run is falling into stereotypes, like THE whore, THE Bahian hustler. The problem is that this is a fascinating world, to the point that it’s tempting to describe it – but that would be a mistake. I repeat: the film is not a chronicle of customs. It’s a story of people.

It’s Deco, Naldinho, and Karinna that should tell me where to position the camera. They’re the ones who are going to show how to light them and how the location should be... the film should have the rhythm of their collective heartbeat.

Naldinho, Deco, and Karinna could just as well work in a supermarket, be film actors, or punch in at a factory or shopping center. They could have been born in Norway or Ethiopia. They would act differently, but they would love and suffer the same... in other words, what’s essential, what really interests us, is maintained.

Telling a story well is not easy, but I want to do even more. I want to tell about feelings that are universal, that relate to each of us. Loyalty, passion, jealousy, envy, courage, fear, lust, friendship... This is very difficult. It’s more than making a film. It’s jumping into an abyss with no fear of what we’ll find at the bottom. It means believing in each other, allowing ourselves to search for things that we’re certain exist.

The other day I was thinking, that to make a film has a lot to do with jumping from a trapeze – especially the moment in which the acrobat lets go of his bar and the other is on the other side, ready to catch him.



That’s all, for know. Let’s take the leap together and pray to God, to Oxalá, and to all the Orixás in Bahia to help us on this journey.

INTERVIEW WITH WALTER SALLES
“Sérgio is not just somebody who loves cinema, but also someone who thinks cinema ─ and this is evident in his debut film. The cast directing, the precise use of grammar, the music… each element is at the service of the whole. The story and the characters’ logic guide each decision. This kind of narrative integrity is uncommon in debut films, and we’ve had the privilege of seeing two such films emerge from VideoFilmes: ‘Madame Satã’, and now ‘Lower City’.
It was Jorge Amado who made the bridge between us. Jorge, who was an extremely generous person, phoned our production company one day to recommend a young Bahian director whose work had caught his attention. I saw Sérgio’s debut medium-length film and was also quite impressed with the sensitive way in which the story was told. I met Sérgio and invited him to work on a project that was beginning to take shape, namely ‘Central Station’.
Sérgio is someone who knows how to see and hear the world around him, who is sensitive to what is intrinsically human – and these two qualities, I believe, are at the basis of ‘Lower City’. ”

ABOUT THE PRODUCTION
Before shooting, “Lower City” went through a preparatory process that lasted nearly three years, including research, script, rehearsals, and pre-production. During the research, director Sérgio Machado spent two months in the world of the film, which takes place basically in the striptease nightclubs, bars, and waterfront in Salvador, capital of the State of Bahia. A large share of the dialogues and situations in the film resulted from this research.
To write the script for “Lower City”, Sérgio Machado decided to repeat his successful partnership with Karim Aïnouz, with whom he had already written “Madame Satã” (directed by Aïnouz) and “Behind the Sun” (by Walter Salles). According to Aïnouz, the film’s conceptualization was just as important as the actual drafting of the text.
We kept asking ourselves why we should tell this story. And we reached the conclusion that we wanted to show the love triangle as a vehicle for the affirmation of life. The story was born from the desire to understand and love these characters, to say that it’s not worth it to kill each other, that it’s necessary to find a way to go on living,” says Aïnouz.
The shooting took place in Salvador, Cachoeira, and five other cities in the Recôncavo Baiano region on the coast of Bahia. All the scenes were filmed on locations, some recorded without any interference, others transformed according to the narrative necessities.
The locations determined the film’s art. Our main reference was life in these cities. The film incorporated the local people’s vibes and aesthetic behavior. To look simple and natural is a lot more work than stylizing,” says Marcos Pedroso (“Madame Satã”, “Cinemas, Aspirin, and Buzzards”), the film’s art director.
According to cinematographer Toca Seabra (“The Invader”, “Nelson Freire”), the main visual reference for “Lower City” was the book “Laroyê”, by Bahian photographer Mario Cravo Neto, which portrays the same world as the film. “The concept of ‘laroyê’ that we adopted requires symbolic guts, blood, orgasms, smells, and sweat; it determined some strategies in the idiom, like the handheld camera, the low lighting, and consequently the saturated colours.”
According to executive co-producer Maurício Andrade of VideoFilmes, “Lower City” involved complex logistics, despite the streamlined crew: “We had more than 70 locations in seven different cities.
Two sequences in the film are outstanding for their degree of realism: the boxing match and the cockfight. The boxing scene was rehearsed like a ballet. The actors repeated the same choreography several times, for it to be recorded from different angles.
The cockfight was also totally staged. Most of the time the roosters were held apart, lunging into thin air with their beaks. Using a telephoto lens, they appear to be fighting. In addition, the production placed silicone over their beaks and claws. None of the roosters were hurt during the filming, which was monitored by IBAMA (the Brazilian federal environmental agency which is responsible for animal protection).

ABOUT THE ACTORS’ COACHING
Together with the script, the actors’ coaching was one of the key factors in producing “Lower City”. To take charge of this crucial work, Sérgio Machado invited Fátima Toledo, known for her work in such films as “Pixote”, by Hector Babenco, “Central Station”, by Walter Salles, and “City of God” by Fernando Meirelles.
Before the shooting began, Fátima held rehearsals with lead players Wagner Moura, Lázaro Ramos and Alice Braga over the course of two months, first in Salvador, then in Cachoeira. “During the coaching process, the level of deliverance by the actors was so radical that I was frightened. I think this was only possible because we succeeded in creating a climate of absolute trust. And this was further enhanced during the filming,” says Sérgio.
Fátima’s method consists of repeating a series of exercises to awaken true sensations in the actors, related to situations experienced by the characters. The main exercises used in “Lower City” include kundalini, which sought to liberate their sexuality by means of pelvic movements, and waltz, where the actors alternated between dance and confrontation. “The work is all led in such a way as to achieve reality. We searched for rage, for desire, for truth in the actors, the essence of the characters in each of them,” says Fátima.
According to this actors’ coach, “Lower City” was a turning point in her career. “I’m generally against creating emotional ties with the cast or crew. But in this film, my rule was blown out the window. Myself, Sérgio, and the actors were deeply attuned. I usually see 90% of my work appear in a film. In ‘Lower City’ it was 100%. This was one of the most special films in my life.” Proof of this is in Fátima’s studio in São Paulo: now, in addition to the “Pixote” and “At Play in the Fields of the Lord” rooms, her studio has a new room called “Lower City”.


ABOUT THE SOUNDTRACK
For the soundtrack to “Lower City”, Sérgio Machado wanted sound that was both Bahian and universal. Naturally the name of musician and composer Carlinhos Brown came up, since he circulates with the same fluency on the streets of Salvador and the stages of Europe. “He impressed me with his ability to be linked to Bahian roots, without failing to remain attuned to the most modern sounds in the world,” says the filmmaker.
In his first soundtrack for cinema, Brown created songs based on the concept of “Bahia of the world”, where sophisticated and popular, and traditional and contemporary blend. “The work method was to run the film in the computer and improvise over the images, which are already very musical. The result was a kind of afro-jazz. I used percussion instruments that I invented myself, piano, guitar, and also sacred African instruments, which was very appropriate, because this is a sacred moment for Bahian cinema.”
The soundtrack for “Lower City” is also by musician and producer Beto Vilares (“Behind the Sun”), which was crucial for providing a definitive format for the extensive material produced by Brown. He reprocessed the sounds, created other new ones, and adjusted them to the scenes. “Our greatest concern was to not reiterate with the music what the images were already saying. The soundtrack works by contrasts, with smoother sonorities during moments of tension, and so on. The music has a lot more to do with the characters’ subjectivity than the action itself.”

INTERVIEW WITH SÉRGIO MACHADO
Born in Salvador in 1968, Sérgio Machado began working in cinema in 1993, when he directed the award-winning short film “Troca de Cabeças” (“Changing Heads”), starring Grande Otelo. He made several video documentaries and in 1996 began working with director Walter Salles. He was assistant director and did the casting for “Central Station” and “Midnight”, as well as assistant director and script co-writer for “Behind the Sun”.

He was also co-writer of the award-winning “Madame Satã” directed by Karim Aïnouz, scriptwriter and co-director of the mini series “Shepherds of the Night”, by TV Globo, and director of the medium-length film “Agora é Cinza” (“Now is Gray”). In 2001 he directed “At the Edge of the Earth”, a documentary on the life and work of filmmaker Mário Peixoto that received 15 awards at festivals in Brazil and abroad. In the following interview, Sérgio speaks about several fundamental issues in the making of “Lower City”, his first feature-length fiction film:


THE LOVE TRIANGLE
“The classical situation of a love triangle in literature or cinema is to have two lovers and one betrayed, as in ‘Tristan and Isolde’. But this film is not about betrayal, it’s about passion. A love triangle always ends in tragedy. It’s always about impossibility, even in the most modern versions like ‘Jules et Jim’. I tried to view the issue from a different perspective. The question we asked when we were writing the script was, ‘Why not?’ What keeps these people from being happy? In this sense, the film has a kind of logic from Bahian thinking, which is present in the work of Jorge Amado and João Ubaldo Ribeiro, and also in the Cuban writer Pedro Juan Gutiérrez. In Bahia, issues are resolved through a logic which is not necessarily that of confrontation, but of accommodation for survival.
THE CHARACTERS
‘Lower City’ is a film that defends the desire to live and the capacity for reinvention, taking a stance against death drive, shame, and fear. The three leading characters have no one to rely on except themselves. For the three, life is always on the razor’s edge. What is at stake is not a guarantee of happiness. It doesn’t matter whether the three are going to stay together for the rest of their lives, or for a few seconds. What interests me is the insistence on not giving up, the will to improvise, to experiment. I think ‘Lower City’ brings a delicate view of a world that appears tough. But it is not a pious or complacent view. Nor is it an aloof spectator’s view. I think I’m speaking from the inside of the city where I was born, of a world I know.”
THE ACTORS
I wanted the actors to keep miles away from any stereotype. I wanted to find the Deco in Lázaro, the Naldinho in Wagner, the Karinna there might be in Alice. As soon as I defined the actors, I began to write for them. Lázaro is more introspective, sweet, and elegant. Wagner more outgoing, crazy, hot-blooded. They are two equally talented actors, but totally different. Alice brought a more inner and sweeter aspect to her character. We did not give the script to the actors during the rehearsals. The lines were recreated during the process, but curiously by the end they were almost the same as in the original script.”

THE CREW
Ever since the project took off, I said I wanted a streamlined, tight-knit, calm crew. I didn’t want to work with anyone who wasn’t a friend, or a friend of a friend. This smaller crew gave the film a more intimate climate. Everything was done to leave the actors more at ease. Toca (Seabra, cinematographer) showed enormous selflessness. We filmed some things without lighting. There are only two scenes in the film that were shot with a tripod – the rest is handheld camera. This gave us the freedom for ‘mise-en-scène’. Everyone bought into the idea. Nobody ever got in the actors’ way because the sound, the light, or the continuity weren’t perfect. Total priority was for them.”



ABOUT THE PRODUCTION COMPANY
Founded in 1987 by Walter Salles and his brother, documentarian João Moreira Salles, VideoFilmes is a production company specializing in documentaries and feature films.
By Walter Salles, VideoFilmes has produced “Central Station”, “Midnight”, co-directed by Daniela Thomas, and “Behind the Sun”.
One of the company’s main targets is to make films by debut directors, like “Madame Satã” by Karim Aïnouz, “City of God”, co-directed by Kátia Lund and Fernando Meirelles.
VideoFilmes has also enjoyed the privilege of producing documentaries directed by veterans Nelson Pereira dos Santos (“Masters and Slaves”) and Eduardo Coutinho (“Babilônia 2000”, “Master Building”, and “Metalworkers”).
The company recently produced the documentaries “Nelson Freire” and “Intermissions” by João Moreira Salles and “Paulinho da Viola – My Time is Today” by Izabel Jaguaribe. For its fiction films and documentaries, VideoFilmes has received more than 100 national and international awards.

INTERVIEWS WITH THE ACTORS
LÁZARO RAMOS (DECO)
At just 25, Lázaro Ramos is considered one of the most versatile and talented Brazilian actors. Having been discovered through the Olodum Theater Band in Salvador, he has already acted in 11 feature films. His first leading role was in “Madame Satã”, earning him several international awards.
His career also includes such films as “Carandiru”, by Hector Babenco, “The Man That Copied” and “My Uncle Killed a Guy”, both by Jorge Furtado – in addition to the as yet to be released “Cafundó” and “O Cobrador” (In God We Trust), an international production by Mexican director Paul Leduc.
In “Lower City”, Lázaro plays Deco, owner of a boat who goes back to boxing to make ends meet – and whom the actor considers the most introspective and romantic character in the threesome. The following is an interview with Lázaro about his work in the film.

How was the coaching with Fátima Toledo?
At first it was difficult to understand the process. But after you realize that it’s to serve the story, your acting begins to flow like water. What Fátima does is activate the senses with a series of exercises for us to discover a kind of sincerity in our feelings, to succeed in playing an honest part. The work with her renewed me as an actor and gave me a new understanding of what it means to act. It also changed my life, strengthened values, and reinforced my friendship with Wagner.

How was your relationship with the crew?
On the first day of shooting, I gave a speech saying it would only be possible to make this film if each member of the crew viewed that story through an accomplice’s eyes. And this complicity was there right from the beginning, thanks mainly to Sérgio’s generosity. He gave us time to warm up, to discuss the scenes. And the crew totally respected our way of working. They understood the importance of the warm-up. Sérgio succeeded in making everyone on the team, from the key grip to actors, feel like they owned the film.
In your opinion, what does “Lower City” talk about?
It speaks about the possibility of loving. But not just in the relationship between a man and a woman. It speaks about the possibility of intensely loving a friend, of sharing a woman with this friend, and of loving her sincerely nevertheless. At a moment when Brazilian cinema has been focusing a lot on social problems, I think it’s important to make a film that values the possibility and the need to love, in which people are characterized by their feelings, not by their social class. I think cinema also needs to tell these stories.


WAGNER MOURA (NALDINHO)
Wagner Moura, 28, is one of the highlights in the new generation of Brazilian actors. Like his friend Lázaro Ramos, he began his career in theater in Salvador and later settled in Rio de Janeiro.
Wagner has already acted in nine feature films, with such outstanding productions as Walter Salles’ “Behind the Sun”, “God is Brazilian”, by Cacá Diegues, and “Carandiru”, by Hector Babenco.
In “Lower City”, Wagner plays Naldinho, a Bahian sailor who gets mixed up in drugstore robberies. In Wagner’s opinion, Naldinho is the most outgoing and adventurous of the story’s three leading characters. In the following interview he tells about his part in the film.

How did the invitation for the film come about?
At first Sérgio wanted to do the film entirely with black actors. I had always been enthusiastic about the film, because I already knew Sérgio from Salvador, and I already admired his talent. One day he called me to read the script with Lázaro, but just to get a feeling for the characters. I went there certain that I wasn’t going to do the film. When I read the script I really wanted to be a part of it, but I didn’t say anything. A few weeks later Lázaro’s birthday party rolled around, and I ran into Sérgio there. In the middle of the party, Lázaro made a speech, saying I was his best friend, that he loved me. I think this lit something in Sérgio’s head, like my connection with Lázaro was the clincher. A little while later Sérgio asked me to join the film.

How was the rehearsal process with Fátima?
The first thing she said was that nobody was going to compose a character. “You are you”, she said, right from the beginning. So I thought it was going to be a piece of cake. But it was the most difficult coaching of my life, because we don’t always know who we are. The way we played our parts in “Lower City” is different from everything else we’ve done. We reached another level of truth. When the shooting began, we were ready. We were popping out of our skins. The process changed the way I view my work, and gave me tools to use for the rest of my life.


For you, was it also difficult to focus your aggressiveness against Lázaro?
Yes. It was the hardest part of the process, because Lázaro and I are best friends. But Fátima succeeded in getting us to see each other with hatred, to say a lot of harsh things to each other, to the point where we almost beat each other up. And it was all for real, because Fátima works with the truth. But in the end our friendship came out of the process even stronger.

How would you define the world of “Lower City”?
It’s a film about a tough world, sometimes violent, but with a very sensitive and tranquil view of the three leading characters. I think this comes a lot from Sérgio, who has the serenity and sensitivity to see poetry in the rarest things.

ALICE BRAGA (KARINNA)
Karinna is the first leading film role for Alice Braga, 22, born in São Paulo. Niece of actress Sônia Braga (“Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands”, “Kiss of the Spider Woman”), she had played an important role in “City of God”, by Fernando Meirelles, and a leading role in the still to be released “God Only Knows”, by Mexican director Carlos Bolado. She also participated in the TV mini series “Carandiru”, directed by Hector Babenco.
In “Lower City”, Alice plays a stripper who goes to Salvador to find work and awakens the love of two friends, Deco and Naldinho. She defines Karinna as a mixture of force and delicacy, a far cry from the stereotypes of the character’s profession. The following is an interview on her work in “Lower City”:

How did you come to play Karinna?
Waltinho (Walter Salles) met me during “City of God” and recommended me to Sérgio. He looked for me to do the tests but didn’t find me, because I was living in New York at the time. They did tests with hundreds of girls but didn’t sign with any of them. A month before the shooting started, they finally located me. I read through the script for Sérgio and Fátima, with whom I’d already worked with in “City of God”, and they invited me to join the cast. I agreed on the spot. I thought the script was really human, really truthful. That was four weeks before the shooting started. Wagner and Lázaro had already started rehearsing a month before.

What part of Alice is in Karinna?
I think I brought a little girl’s thing to the character. Meanwhile I had to discover the woman inside me. That was a big challenge. Fátima would tease me, calling me menina (“little girl”) during the rehearsals, and I’d get mad. But I knew I had to fight it. I discovered my immaturity, but also my force, my will to learn more. In the end, I think we succeeded in showing three human beings, without being judgmental or hypocritical.

Was there any additional difficulty with the nudity or sex scenes?
No, Fátima gave me a lot of kundalini exercises to loosen my pelvis, to free my sexuality. When I got to the set, I already knew exactly where I was going. The sex comes through strong in the film, but it’s never vulgar or gratuitous. We couldn’t be hypocritical in the film, because it would have gone against the story. I would say that sex is the fourth leading player in “Lower City”.

How was the relationship between the cast and the crew?
Sérgio fought for every inch of Karinna, every word, every breath. His sweetness guided me. And the crew understood this spirit perfectly. I’ll give an example: before the scenes with the anxiety, I did an exercise in which Doca, the key grip, would lie on top of me, holding me down until I’d get desperate, and then shoot the scene when I was all primed. And he always totally respected me. At the end of the film I thanked him from the bottom of my heart. For me, this was the greatest example of the crew’s spirit of giving.

Directed by
Sérgio Machado

Produced by

Mauricio Andrade Ramos

Walter Salles
Associate Producers

Donald Ranvaud

Robert Bevan
Director of Photography

Toca Seabra, A.B.C.


Production Designer

Marcos Pedroso


Music by

Carlinhos Brown

Beto Villares


Screenplay by

Sérgio Machado

Karim Ainouz
Editor

Isabela Monteiro de Castro


Actor’s coach

Fátima Toledo


Assistant Director

Márcia Faria


Line Producer

Marcelo Torres


Sound Designers

Waldir Xavier

Denilson Campos
Sound

Leandro Lima

Rômulo Drummond
Sound Mixer

Armando Torres Junior


Costume Designers

Cristina Camargo

André Simonetti
Make-up

Rose Verçosa


CAST
Deco ...................................................................................................Lázaro Ramos

Naldinho .............................................................................................Wagner Moura

Karinna ....................................................................................................Alice Braga

Luzinete..............................................................................................Maria Menezes

Drug Store Clerk............................................................. ..........João Miguel Leonelli

Sirlene .............................................................................................Débora Santiago

Chilean Commando................................................................................Hugo Rodas

Zilu ......................................................................................................Divina Valéria

Dois Mundos ........................................................................................Dois Mundos

Fúa ............................................................................................................Gerônimo

Police Officer.....................................................................................Fernando Fulco

English Commander...........................................................................David Herman

Doctor .................................................................................................Olga Machado

Nilma .............................................................................................Fernanda Freitas

Karinna’s Client No 1...........................................................................Ricardo Luedy

Rufino .............................................................................................Leno Sacramento

Ferreirinha...............................................................................................Wilson Melo

Marinalva..................................................................................................Zeca Abreu

Clerk......................................................................................................Nonato Freire

Marcelo............................................................................................Ricardo Spencer

Stripper No 1 .........................................................................................Adelena Rios

Prostitute No 1........................................................................................Taís Wagner

Jamily ................................................................................................Carolina Ribeiro

D. Lenita..................................................................................................Andréia Elia

Seu Marquinhos................................................................................Marcos Pedroso

Stripper No 2 .............................................................................................Alessandra

Narrator....................................................................................................Guiga Scott

Karinna’s Client No 2..........................................................................Agnaldo Lopes

Presenter.....................................................................................................Rai Alves

Boxing Apponnent...................................................................................Tinho Bahia

Sparing Partner..............................................................................Luís Olho de Gato

Deputy Chilian Commander..............................................................Carlos Pronzato

Joilson.................................................................................................Felipe Ferreira
1st Assistant Director.............................................................................Maria Farkas

2º Assistant Director .......................................................................Daniela Carvalho

Script supervisor.................................................................................Maria Gowland
Coaches

Assistant...........................................................................................José Antonio Sé

Administration................................................................................Vera Lúcia Ramos

Fight choreography ...........................................................................Ariela Goldman

Dancing choreography……………………………………….Ana Clara Amorim (Duca)

Boxing preparation...................................................................................Tinho Bahia

Neném
Casting

Casting research.................................................................................Dan Rodrigues

Daniela Carvalho

Alexandra Maia

Péricles Palmeira

Érika Safira


Production

Executive Producer Assistants..........................................................Alexandra Maia

Érika Safira

Production Coordinator...........................................................................Claudia Reis

Producer in Salvador.............................................................................Diana Gurgel

Péricles Palmeira

Production Assistant..............................................................................Leticia Prisco

Production Assistant – Salvador............................................................Dois Mundos

On-set Producer..................................................................................Severo Santos

PA Assistant ........................................................................................Pablo Almeida

PA Assistant .......................................................................................................Boby

Controller..............................................................................................Carlos Freitas

Producer 2nd Unit....................................................................................Sandra Leite

Assistants ......................................................................................................Edvaldo

Careca

Location Managers .......................................................................Péricles Almeida

Dois Mundos



Art Department

Art Director Assistant..............................................................................Valdy Lopes

Property Master..................................................................................Dan Rodrigues

Property Master Assistants.................................................................Rosário Suzart

Júlia Martha

Márber Ramos

Art Producers...............................................................................Ana Luíza Campos

Set Dresser......................................................................................Wagner Tavares

Set Dresser Assistants......................................................................Isabel Machado

Daniel Wildberger



Construction Department

Construction Coordinators ...............................................................................Gringo

Paulo Batistela (Nietzsch)

Assistant.............................................................................................Márcio Adriano

Head Painter .............................................................................................Luis Parras

Head Painter Assistant...........................................................Jorge dos Santos Dias

On-set Painter................................................................................................Micinho


Costume Designer

Costume Designer Trainees.........................................................Ana Paula Benítez

Beibetiusa Pires

Dressmaker.....................................................................................................D. Elcy



Make-up

Assistant..............................................................................................Márcia Valeria



Camera Department

Camera Operator...................................................................................Toca Seabra

2nd Camera Operator..............................................................................Kika Cunha

1st Camera Assistant...............................................................................Kika Cunha

2nd Camera Assistants .....................................................Cláudio Gustavo da Silva

B. Thomé


Júlia Equi

1st Camera Assistant (2nd Unit) …………………………………………………….Neto

Video Assist Operator .............................................................................Rita Albano

Still Photographer ..............................................................................Christian Cravo

Making-of........................................................................................Marcela da Costa

Video Art....................................................................................................Irith Batsry


Sound

Sound Trainee...................................................................................Rodrigo Moraes


Lighting Department

Gaffer .............................................................................................Rondinelli O Pinto

Gaffer Assistant…………………………………………………………….Marcelo Pecis

Lighting Equipment by.....................................................................................Apema



Grip Department

Key Grip.................................................................................Paulo Fernando (Doca)

Grip Assistants ......................................................................Clementino (Boquinha)

Jean Pacheco

Lourival Damasceno

Jorge Ribeiro

Key grip (2nd unit) ......................................................................................Ferreirinha

Special Effects

Special Effects Coordinator..............................................Mauricio Bevilacqua - SFX


Catering ................................................................................................Arte e Magia

Coliseu


Transportation Department

Drivers.............................................................................................................Nelson

Lúcio

Anderson


Joilson

Cláudio


Miro

Marcos


Athaíde de Amar
Camera truck……………………………………………………………………….Finizola

Driver.................................................................................................................Bruno

Electric truck ..................................................................................................Finizola

Driver ..............................................................................................................Edinho

Tripulação Danny Boy..................................................................................Zé Maria

Generator.....................................................................................................Givanildo

Body Guard Company..................................................Companhia Alves Segurança

Carlos Xavier



Extras Casting

Cachoeira...............................................................................................Sandra Leite

Salvador.................................................................................................Agencia 3X4

Research

Screenplay’s Research......................................................................Isabel Machado

Historical Research...........................................................................Isabel Machado

Research Assistant ............................................................................................Lobo



Publicity

Publicist Coordinator......................................................................Anna Luiza Müller

VideoFilmes Crew……………………………………………………Ana Cristina Lewer

Fábio Figueiredo

Graciema Schneid Mendes

Isabel Monteiro

Editing Assistant.......................................................................................Lívia Serpa

Editing Trainee..............................................................................Gabriela Paschoal



Sound Editing

Sound Editing Assistants..................................................................Mariana Barsted

Daniel Mazzuca
Off Line

Avid Operator...........................................................................Jorge Luiz Cavalcanti


Technical Supervisor..........................................................................Roberto Corrêa
Post Production

Post Production Coordinator.................................................................Bianca Costa


With collaboration of ...........................................................Raquel Freire Zangrandi

Maria Carlota Bruno

Leticia Prisco

Alexandra Maia

Tathyana Genova
Lettering by

Abertura e Letreiros ......................................................Guto Lins / Manifesto Design


Post Production Facility ..........................................................................Casablanca
ADR - Rio de Janeiro

Studio ..................................................................................................Double Sound

Technician ..................................................................................Mario Jorge Santos
ADR - Salvador

Studio ........................................................................................................Estúdio RL

Technician ..........................................................................................Raimundo Luiz

André Rangel


ADR Brasília

Studio ......................................................................................................Dubla Filme

Technician..........................................................................................Pauly di Castro

Soundtrack
Salvador

Technical Crew.................................................................................. Ilha dos Sapos

Sound Engineering ...........................................................................Flávio de Souza

Assistants.......................................................................................Cristiano/ Leninho

Technical Crew................................................................................... RL Gravações

Sound engineering.......................................................................................Marcelão


São Paulo

Ambulante Discos

Sound Engineering.................................................................................Beto Villares

Assistants..........................................................................DJ Marco/ Felipe Pinheiro


Soundtrack Mixing......................................................................................LC Varella

Beto Villares

Estúdio Anonimato
Foley Supervisors ..................................................................................Ricardo Reis

Miriam Biderman A.B.C.


Foley Editors ............................................................................Fernandinho Thomaz

Helena Duarte

Daniel Turini

Foley Mixers ……………………………………………………………Maurício Pascuet

Marcelo Autuori

Foley Editing and Recording Company …………………………. EFFECTS FILMES


Mixing
Sound Mixer...........................................................................Armando Torres Júnior

Sound Mixer Assistant ..........................................................................André Tadeu

Sound Mixing Studio...........................................................................Estúdios Mega
Dolby Consultant............................................................................Carlos Klachquim

International Music Licensee..............................................BR-3 Films & Music UK

Music Consultants..............................................Elisa Alvares & Catherine Dempsey
Insurance Company .……………………………………..Aon Risk Services do Brasil

Dulce Thompson

Legal Advice ………………………………………………………….Marisa Gandelman

Audit By ……………………………………………………Price Waterhouse Coopers

Songs specially recorded for the film

Acoustic piano, percussion, keyboard:

Carlinhos Brown

Courtesy of BMG Spain


Programming, mixing and additional effects

Beto Villares


Cello

Yaniel Matos


Drums

Raul Carlos Gomes


Bass guitar

Octávio Américo


Electric guitar

Géo Benjamin


Percussion

Boghan Costa

Elber Barbosa
Violin

Felipe de Souza

In Vain”

Written by - André Rangel /Ricardo Luedy/ Raimundo Luiz

© 2005 RL Gravações e Produções Artísticas Ltda

Arranged by - Raimundo Luiz e André Rangel

Programming - midi Raimundo Luiz

Electric Guitar - Raimundo Luiz

Bass guitar - Luciano Calazans

Vocals - André Rangel

Abrazame”

Written by André Rangel /Ricardo Luedy/ Raimundo Luiz

© 2005 RL Gravações e Produções Artísticas Ltda

Arranged by - Raimundo Luiz e André Rangel

Programming - midi Raimundo Luiz

Life”

Written by André Rangel /Ricardo Luedy/ Raimundo Luiz

© 2005 RL Gravações e Produções Artísticas Ltda

Arranged by - Raimundo Luiz e André Rangel

Programming - midi Raimundo Luiz

Electric guitar - Raimundo Luiz

Vocals - Andréa Letícia
Donde Estás”

Written by Céu/ Beto Villares/ DJ Yah

© 2004 Ambulante Discos

Programming - DJ Yah

keyboards - Beto Villares

Editing - Felipe Pinheiro

Vocals - Céu
Arabian Night”

Written by - Céu /Felipe Pinheiro

© 2004 Ambulante Discos

Electric guitars, Bass guitar, programming- Felipe Pinheiro

Scratchs - DJ Marco

Vocals - Céu


Amore”

Written by - Céu/ Beto Villares

© 2004 Ambulante Discos

Teclados, guitarras, violão de aço - Beto Villares

Bass guitar, Programming - Felipe Pinheiro

Vocals - Céu


Forever”

Written by - Céu /Felipe Pinheiro

© 2004 Ambulante Discos

Keyboards - Beto Villares

Programming - Felipe Pinheiros

String arrangements - Céu

Vocals - Céu
House”

DJ Yah


© 2004 Ambulante Discos


It's not easy"

Performed by Lucky Dube

Licensed from Gallo Music International, A Division of Gallo (Africa)Limited

Composed by Lucky Dube

© 1991 Gallo Music Publishers

By kind permission of Warner/Chappell Music Limited


"Something"

Written by: Peter Luts & David Vervoort

Published by BE's Songs nv / A&S Productions bvba

Performed by LASGO, courtesy of A&S Productions.

Vocals: Evi

(P) 2002 A&S Productions bvba

Arrastão da Guig”

Written by: Falcão/ Jackson Oliveira/ Deco do Cavaco

CD Guig Ghetho

© Muralha Records e Harmonia (Abril / Indie Publishing)

Performed by Guig Ghetto

Published by Muralha Records

Baby”

Written by Silvanno Salles

© Silvanno Salles

Performed and published by Silvanno Salles

Beijo Bom”

Written by Frank Santos

© Gema Gravadora e Editora Ltda.

Performed by Silvanno Salles


Bocarriba”
Written by: Carlinhos Brown e Nicolás Guerrieri

© Candyall Music e Guerra Griega



Performed by Carlinhos Brown & DJ Dero
by kind permission of Candyall Music and oidrecords

Carência”

Written by Frank Aguiar / Tata di Tao

© FA MUSIC

Perfomed by Silvanno Salles

Coração Rastafari”

Written by Djalma Luz

Performed by Lazzo Matumbi

© Djalma Luz

Published by LZZ Produções Artísticas


Mariacaipirinha”



Written by Carlinhos Brown

© Candyall Music



Perfomed by Carlinhos Brown & DJ Dero

by kind permission of Candyall Music and oidrecords


Zambie Mameto”

Written by: Carlinhos Brown

© Candyall Music



Performed by Carlinhos Brown e Mateus

by kind permission of Candyall Music


All rights reserved

Special Thanks

Daniel Dantas

Elaine Cury

Eduardo Coutinho

João Moreira Salles

Mário Cravo Neto

Carlos Diegues

Hector Babenco

Daniela Thomas

APROSBA


(Associação das Profissionais do Sexo da Bahia)

Arthur Gerardo Rios

Guel Arraes

Fernando Gabeira

Antônio Codes

Cid Teixeira

Antônio Pinto

José Carlos AvelLar

Pedro Butcher

Ildásio Tavares

Lev Smarcevski

Fundação Pierre Verger

Sandra Delgado

Sérgio Borges


Thanks to

Ângela Machado

Antônio Luiz Mendes

Bernard Atal

Dona Odete

George Moura

João Carlos Sampaio

Joselito Crispim

Marcelo Gomes

Marinalva

Walter Carvalho
Production

Salvador

18º Batalhão Policia Militar de Salvador

Anivaldo Carvalho

Antonio Lima

Capitão Evangelos Aravantinos

Carlos Alfredo Monteiro

Celso Cotrim

Cesar F. Chagas

Cesare La Roca

Clube da Codeba

Comandante Raul Célio Corrêa – Navio Tubarão

Coronel Josué Alves Brandão

Cristina Damasceno

Eolo Luz


Farmácia Estrela Galdino da Pituba

Farmácia Reobote – Boafarma

Fernando Eduardo de Azevedo

Hotel Sol Victória Marina

Igreja da Conceição da Praia

Jacques Janine Salvador – Caminho das Árvores

João Prazeres

José Hage

Luiz Azevedo

Marinus Polman

Moisés Augusto Coelho

Nancy Bernabó

Prefeitura Municipal De Salvador

Renato Neves

Richard Braunstein

Ronald Schenkels

Scala Veículos

Sérgio Borges

Solange Caribé

Tripulação Navio Alberto Correia

Tripulação Navio Amazônia

Tripulação Navio Ankora


Cachoeira

Aldo


Câmara de Vereadores da cidade de Cachoeira

Centro Cultural Danneman - Sr. Pedro Arcanjo

Climod -Dr. Evandro Pereira Gomes

Ferrovia Centro Atlântica

Irmandade da Boa Morte - Celina Maria

Liga Esportiva de Cachoeira -Sr. Raimundo Rocha

Museu Hansen Bahia - Sr. Raimundo

Polícia Militar da cidade de Cachoeira

Pousada do Convento

Prefeitura Municipal da Cachoeira - Prefeito Raimundo Leite

Prefeitura Municipal de São Félix - Prefeito Alberto Reina

Secretaria de Saúde . Secretário Dr. Roberto


Camamu

Estaleiro Camarada

Hotel Rio Acarai
Taperoá

Comando da Polícia de Taperoá

Prefeitura Municipal de Taperoá
São Paulo

Clermente Scola (Estúdio Anonimato)


Felipe Ferreira

Academia Espaço Qualidade de Vida

Paulo Sergio de Jesus Rocha
Art Department

Ada Tem de Tudo

Adelina Rebouças

Agencia Consular dos Estados Unidos da América

Agente consular/Heather McLane Marques

Antônio Costa Silva

Auristela Dantas

Baqueiro Comércio e Serviços Ltda

Bernardo's Camas e Cia

Casa dos velhos da cidade de Cachoeira

Cida Oliveira

Comandante Eudes

Consulado Americano

Consulado da Alemanhã

D. Detinha

Damário Dacruz

Dario Cabeleireiro

Darlan Dantas

Dejanira Oliveira

Dona Cabeluda

Dona Marinalva

Dora Oliveira

Dr. Manoel

Emir Pires Ferreira

Fatima

Floricultura Recanto Alvorada



Gapa

Genival Cordeiro da Silva

Gésia Maria Santana de Araújo

Gésia Miralva Santana de Araújo

Graça Passos

Hospital de Cachoeira

João Evanel

La Lupa


Leonice

Licia Melo

Loja Kalachakra

Loja Mokita

Loja Mundo dos Esportes

Luiz Henrique

Madonna

Manoel alain



Mara

Marcilia


Maria dos Anjos de Carvalho

Maria José/ INSS de Muritiba

Marieta

Marisia Motta



Maristela Rodrigues

Murilo Dantas

Natalice

Nelinho


Nem

Nilzete Dantas

Pai Jaime

Patricia Mota

Posto de Saude de cachoeira

Pouso da Palavra

Santana Móveis Usados

Sargento Souza Filho

Sidney Pironccelli

Sintonia CD

Sônia Robatto

Stella Rodrigues

Teatro Vila Velha

Thiago moisés

Ticiana Caldas

Tigre


Tiro de Guerra da Cidade de Cachoeira

Trevo Maison

Video Hobby

Williams Uchôa de Abreu (colaboração técnica)

Zeca de Abreu

Zel
Soundtrack

Cézar Brandão

Cristiano Pinheiro

Flavio Pereira

Sergio Fouad

Tatiana Ornelas

Zé Mutarelli




Research Department
Angelo Sá - Plotagem

APROSBA- Associação das Profissionais do Sexo da Bahia

Bem Bonita Instituto de Beleza

Big Bross Records

Caroline Vieira

Copiadora Universitária

Designs Comunicação

Izabel Delmondes

João Paulo Amazonas (Sombra)

Lobo


Mara Wildberger

Mariana Rios

Prof. Cid Teixeira

Prof. Jeferson Bacela

Prof. João Reis

Prof. Pedro Agostinho

Ricardo Wildberger (Gráfica Ignoramus)

Rogério Big Bross

SL Gráfica

Stampart


Taíse Andrade Ribeiro
Supported by

APOIO CULTURAL SALVADOR


Academia Tropical Fitness

Bahia Ship Agência Marítima Ltda

Biblioteca Pública dos Barris

Caboto Comercial e Marítima Ltda

Comando de Policiamento da Capital

Comando do Segundo Distrito Naval da Marinha do Brasil

Companhia das Docas do Estado da Bahia - CODEBA

Companhia de Navegação NORSUL

Diretoria de Artes Visuais e Multimeios - DIMAS

Fundação Cultural do Estado da Bahia

1° GPM – Grupamento de Bombeiros Militares

Hotel Vitória Marina

Instituto Médico Legal Nina Rodrigues

Irmandade de Nossa Sra da Conceição da Praia

Marina Aratu

Porto de Aratu - Bahia

Projeto Axé

SESP – Secretaria de Serviços Públicos

SET – Superintendência de Trâfego

Sindicato dos Feirantes

SUMAC - Superintendência de Manutenção e Conservação da Cidade SUPORTE – Sindicato CODEBA

TASO Transportes Aquaviários e Serviços Ltda.

TRANSPETRO - Petrobrás Transportes S.A

Truque – Produtora de Cinema e Vídeo



Apoio Cultural



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