KEY CONCEPT: WHEN you create new POSITIVE wave patterns in YOUR mind ... they give you STRENGTH for today … and HOPE for the future ... Obrigada!"
NO. 313 – PORTUGUESE from ENGLISH
Version 3 - with a few minor errors - February 2003
Note: Appendix A - is the routine for long term reinforcement after one month, which can also be used by experienced speakers for the chronic problem of accent deterioration. Books to buy: Berlitz and Lonely Planet phrase books and Crosslines - Afghanistan Essential Field Guides to Humanitarian and Conflict Zones - on the web. For Arabic script see CRE 304x.
Inspired by: Dr. Bob Boland (EI) and Dr. Paola Marchesini (WHO) and Dr Giles Boland (Harvard) and Dr. Dams Bathija (UNCTAD) Boston University and the Team. http://www.bu.edu/familymed/distance/cre/introduction.htm
33 450 408982 Chemin Garenne, Prevessin 01280 France
Copyright: RGAB/2003/3 - Free for aid workers ...
DEDICATION This program is dedicated to the memory of Professor Kenneth Hale, the eminent linguist of MIT who died on October 8th 2001. He spoke about 50 languages fluently and regarded each language as an intellectual treasure-house of communication, culture and humanitarian values. He suggested ... that 30 minutes of a new language ... should be enough to start to make one-self understood ... and then ... the best way ... to progress ... was to speak ... confidently ... more and more ... with natural speakers of the language ... So on we go ... for one whole day ... with a partner or small group ... speaking and speaking ... and moving ... face, hands and body language to reinforce your communication ... and ending with ... almost instinctive ... easy inter-active conversation ... in the natural language ... and if you are lucky enough to find ... ANY natural speaker for the day ... to be a partner ... or just part of the small group ... that would be just great!! chatting with EVERY natural speaker we find ... to get practice ... and confidence ... using the Mini Phrasebook ... as a basis for easy interaction ...
Good-bye. Adeus etc. etc. ... questions an answers ... with laughter ... so on we go ... together
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 STRUCTURE This program gives you practice in understanding the structure of the language almost instinctively, as for each difficult phrase, English words are inserted. There is also a Mini-phrase Book, a Brief Note on Grammar, a Glossary and a list of the "100 Most Used Words" in conversation and a special ARS.
1.2 MEMORY A simple technique for the memory of difficult sounds is to make up an English phrase as a memory "trigger", for example: Hello? ... Obligado? ... say ...
... hello? ... oh most obliged dad? ... obligado?
How are you? ... como esta? ... say ...
... how are you? ... come on Hesta? ... como esta? Please .. por favor ... say ...
... please ... do me a favour ... por favor or email email@example.com for our CRE 33 MemoryAlert.
1.3 PRACTICE. Learn very rapidly the list of "most used 100 words" and each day, take one
page of the mini-phrase-book, to make 10 minutes of conversation with a
natural speaker or aloud with yourself.
INSTANT RELAXATION TECHNIQUE
1. This is a simple IRT exercise, to give you confidence to learn naturally. When you don't believe you can learn ... you won't learn! ... When you are tense, anxious and stressed ... you won't learn! When you have no confidence ... you won't learn. But with relaxation, your mind and body become clear, confident and ready to learn. So do the IRT exercise now ... and again before every CRE session. It takes only three minutes, and with practice, it becomes a powerful tool for you. The only "equipment" you need is an "open mind" and a marble (or similar small object) in your "right" (major) hand. 2. So, get into that comfortable position, in which you know ... you really can relax. Be aware that marble gets warm as it absorbs heat from contact with your right hand. Open you hand and allow the warmth to evaporate. Close the hand again, and recognize the marble ... as a physical external symbol ... of the internal function of your mind and body. Allow it to receive and evaporate not just heat ... but emotion, anxiety and stress ... leaving you free, relaxed, confident and ready to learn to speak and understand the natural language without effort .... 3. Now, relax with the hands on the lap, and fix your eyes on the marble as you repeat aloud ... the following sentence ... four times, feeling free to change the wording a little ... to fit your style ... four times ... aloud ... in all: "I AM, I CAN, I WILL, I BELIEVE ... I will learn ... AND HELP OTHERS TO LEARN ... to speak and enjoy ... the NEW NATURAL language ... with a wonderful accent ... naturally ... rapidly ... easily ... without effort"
4. With the eyes fixed on the marble ... or closed if you wish ... start to take three slow and very deep breaths ... and be sure to pause ... on each inhalation ... and imagine ... each exhalation ... as transferring all the anxiety and stress ... from your mind and body ... through to the marble in your hand.
5. After the third breath, let your whole mind and body relax completely for two minutes ... thinking ONLY of your breathing ... nothing else ... no self talk at all ... just concentrate on the BREATHING ... very important .. counting down from 20 to 1 ...
6. Then bring yourself back, by simply counting up from 1 to 5, feeling well, relaxed, confident and ready to learn. The marble is now your very personal symbol ... of your confidence to learn and speak the natural language with a wonderful accent.
Note: This simple CRE "Instant Relaxation Technique" can be used anywhere (eyes open or closed) to achieve a calm mind ... without anger, anxiety or stress ... ready and confident to learn .. or deal with any new problem ... that you have to face. Keep the marble always to hand, as a symbol of ... "KRIO ALERT" - your confidence ... to feel comfortable ... in the new natural language ... and to speak almost instinctively ... without stress or effort ...
SIMPLE THROAT EXERCISE - 16 KEY WORDS
(Repeat the Portuguese many times slowly ... and then at HIGH speed)
Thank you Obrigado OBBRI-GAADDOO
Hello Ola OLLAA Mr. Senhor SENNN-YHORR
Mrs. Senhora SENNN-YHORR-AA Yes Sim SEE No Nao NOAAA Good Bom BBBMM Please Por favor PORRR FVOORRR
Do you have? Tem? TTERMR Goodbye Adeus ADE-CHCH
See you soon! Vejo você em breve! VAY-J VOCHAY EMM BREVV Who? Qu-em? KUU-EMMM
What? Qu-al? KUU-AALLLL I want Quer-oo KYERRR-ROE Where? On-de? ONNN-DAY OK! OK! OKKK-KAY Note: For simplicity ... the program is typed generally without accents!
NATURAL SUGGESTIONS Plan to do the whole CRE in one 6 hour CRE day, with a partner or a small group. A natural speaker (if available) would be most welcome as a partner or group member. On the day before, as pre-learning (alone), play the 30 minute tape, just before sleeping, speaking all the time, completely relO-Gosh!ed making no conscious effort to learn anything.
After the one full day of CRE, plan revision during your NORMAL ROUTINE in the following week, for just an hour a day. Feel free to do it in any way ... that YOU know ... will suit YOU best ... and will allow you ... both to speak AND to understand ... what is spoken to you ... so relO-Gosh! completely ... and ABSORB ... both consciously and sub-consciously ... the very carefully selected ... 30 minute audio tape ... of new natural language ... which becomes part of you ... intuitively ... instinctively ... without effort ... as you relO-Gosh! with IRT and establish a very POSITIVE attitude ... and a confident EXPECTATION of SUCCESS ... just from PLAYING ... with the natural language ... Our suggested schedule for the 6 hour CRE day (with breaks as needed) is:
1 – Do IRT. Do the Throat exercise - 16 key words
Play the tape (30 minutes) with the text (hear, see, speak, MOVE, and feel)
... make it fun! Review the Glossary (2 pages).
2 – Repeat the text (Sections 2-4) to understand every word!
Play the tape with the text SPEAKING VERY LOUDLY - STOP THE TAPE
AND SING OR SHOUT ANY VERY DIFFICULT PHRASES.
Do SPEED READING (2-16) in 14 minutes (recorded if possible- for fun!).
Review the Grammar (1 page) and the Glossary.
3 – Repeat the text (Sections 5-10) to understand every word!
Play the tape WITHOUT the text, SPEAKING IN VERY DRAMATIC style.
Repeat the Throat exercise.
Begin to create simple conversation with the Mini-phrase book (Hello etc.).
4 – Repeat the text (Sections 11-16) to understand every word!
REMARKABLE preventive/curative therapeutic effect … to support new
learning ... on we go together.
1. GENTLE RELAXATION ...
And now … I'd like you to arrange yourself … in a position that is so comfortable ... and natural … for you ... so that you can sit … or lie … for a while ... easily and effortlessly ... and where you can be comforable ... and yet still remain alert enough ... to focus on the meaningful ... natural language learning ... that we will do together ... natural anguage ... gentle ... quiet ... peaceful ... and instinctive ... without any effort ... as you absorb its deepest meaning ... interpretation ... and value ... in terms of very personal expectations. And then when your are ready … to focus yourself ... you can begin by taking a few deep relO-Gosh!ing breaths ... breathing slowly ... and feeling the rise of your chest ... as you gradually inhale ... feeling that each breath in ... and out ... relaxation ... calms you ... and re-acqaints you ... with deeper parts of yourself that you are sometimes too busy to notice. You know ... and I know ... its very easy ... to get caught up in day to day living ... there is so much to do ... and now is your time … and I would like you to allow your eyes to close ... as you start to build ... an internal focus ... within yourself ... on those parts of yourself... that will absorb the natural language ... gently ... peacefully … and instinctively ... almost automatically ... as you … let yourself go ... relaxation! ... without conscious effort ... because you have nothing … to do … now … except relax! .. And as we go on together ... repeating the phrases ... in the natural language ... with your whole body involved ... moving hands and face … feelings and body … to express … and absorb the words and phrases ... as they will come … instinctively ... to your mind ... as you speak softly ... with a wonderful accent ... yes … with a wonderful accent … which will please and surprise you... as its fits the music ... of the natural language. So on we go together ... speaking all the time ... and moving hands, face feelings and body … to express ourselves ... in the new natural language ... as you create new wave patterns … in that special… "Portuguese Place" … in your mind … 2. HERE AND THERE: Eu estou aqui. I am here.
Você está ali. You are there.
Você está ali? Are you there?
Sim, você está ali. Yes, you are there.
Você está aqui? Are you here?
Não, você não está aqui. No, you are not here.
Isso (ele) esta aqui. It is here.
Onde isso(ele) esta? Where is it(he)?
Isso (Ele) esta aqui. It(ele) is here.
Isso (Ele) esta ali? Is it(he) there?
Eu não sei. I do not know.
Onde esta Miguele? Where is Miguele?
Ele não esta aqui. He is not here.
Onde esta ele? Where is he?
Eu não sei. I do not know.
O maldição! Aí esta ele. Darn! There he is!
Ele é maravlihoso! He is wonderful!
3. LIKING: Eu gosto de voce. I like you.
Você gosta de mim? Do you like me?
Sim, eu gosto de voce. Yes, I like you.
Você gosta de dinheiro? Do you like money?
Sim, eu gosto de dinheiro. Yes, I like the money.
Eu gosto de agua. I like water.
Você gosta de agua. You like water.
Eu gosto do alguns livros. I like some books.
Ele gosta do carro. He likes the car.
Ela não gosta do carro. She does not like the car.
Você gosta do jantar? Do you like the dinner?
Não. eu nâo gosto do jantar. No, I do not like the dinner.
O maldição! “Mate” (Mate)! Oh. Darn! "Mate"!
Por favor, nâo fale “Mate(Mate)”.! Please do not say "Mate"!
4. DOING: Eu faço. I do.
Eu faço isso. I do this.
Você faz.. You do.
Você faz isso. You do that
Nos fazemos aquilo. We do that
E nós estamos contentes. And we are happy.
É facil? Is it easy?
Sim, nâo é dificil. Yes, it is not difficult.
Você faz aquilo? Do you do that?
Faça aquilo, por favor!!! Do that please!!!
Ele (isso) é maravlhoso. He (It) is wonderful!
5. CAN/ABLE TO DO: Eu posso I can
Eu posso? Can I?
Sim eu posso. Yes, I can.
Você pode fazer isso? Can you do this?
Sim, eu posso fazer aquilo. Yes, I can do that.
Eu posso comer um pouco. I can eat a little.
Eu posso beber um pouco. I can drink a little.
Eu posso ir. I can go.
Eu posso vir. I can come.
Eu posso dormir. I can sleep.
Você pode falar. You can speak.
Você pode falar? Can you speak?
Sim, eu posso. Yes, I can.
Você pode fazer isso? Can you do this?
Nâo, eu nâo posso fazer aquilo. No, I can not do that.
Você pode compreender? You can understand?
Você pode compreender? Can you understand?\
Sim, um pouco. Yes, a little.
Você pode dizer “Mate”? Can you say “Mate”?
Sim, eu posso falar um pouco de Portugues Yes, I can speak a little Portuguese!
Maldição! Eu sou maravlhoso! Darn! I am wonderful!
6. UNDERSTANDING: Eu compreendo. I understand.
Eu nâo compreendo. I do not understand.
Você entende. You understand.
Você nâo entende. You do not understand.
Você entende as mulheres? Do you understand women?
Nâo. Nâo. Eu nâo as compreendo! No. No. I do not understand them!!!
O. Maldição! Mate! Oh. Darn! "Mate"!
Por favor, nâo diga Mate. Please do not say "Mate"!
Você é maravlihoso! You are wonderful!
Eu quero. I want.
Eu quero comer um pouco. I want to eat a little.
Eu quero beber agua. I want to drink the water.
Eu quero ir ao banheiro! I want to go to the toilet!!!
Você quer comer um pouco? Do you want to eat a little?
Nâo, eu nâo quero comer. No, I do not want to eat.
Maldição! Eu queria dar um pouco a você. Darn! I want to give you a bit.
Nâo, obrigado. No, thank you.
Eu queria vir. I want to come.
Você quer dormir comigo? Do you want to sleep with me?
Não, eu não quero dormir. No, I do not want to sleep.
Miguele, quer comer as rãs? Miguele do you want to eat the frogs?
Maldição! Não agora, obrigado! Darn! Not just now, thank you!
Nos somos maravlhosos! We are wonderful!
8. GETTING: Da me, o dinheiro, por favor. Please give me the money.
Toma o dinheiro, por favor. Please take the money.
Que mulher! É maravillosa! What a woman! She is wonderful!
16. EVERYTHING - COLOQUIAL - POLITE AND SLANG Estou aqui. I am here.
Estais ali. You are there.
Eu gosto de você. I like you.
Você gosta de dinheiro You like the money.
Faça isso. He does this.
Ela faz aquilo. She does that.
Posso falar um pouco de Portuguese! I can speak a little Portuguese!
Não podes falar "Mate"? You can not say Mate?
Compreendo você. I understand you.
Nâo me compreendes. You do not understand me.
Queria ir ao bar. I want to go to the bar.
Quer ir ao toilet/banheiro. You want to go to the toilet.
Agora, tenho muito tempo, Garota!. Now, I have a lot of time, Honey!
Mas … tens muito dinheiro ? But … do you have a lot of money, Honey?
Não beba a agua na França, por favor!!. Please don’t drink the water in France!!
Beba vinho. Drink the wine.
Como esta , Eliza? How are you, Eliza?
Muito bem, obrigado. Khulu. I am well, thank you, Khulu.
É grande? Is it big?
Não, é pequeno. No, it is small.
Não conheces aquela mulher. You do not know that woman.
Maldição. Ela é maravillosa! Darn! She is wonderful!
Sim agora, tenho cinco problemas!!! Yes now, I have five problems!!!
Todas as crianças! All the children!
Que e aquilo? What is that?
Perdão. Que? Pardon. What?
Ali está. There it is.
Não mal. Not bad.
Sim, é “legal". Yes, it's cool!
Sim, é legal! Yes, it's cool!
Por favor, não diga "Cojurodo"!! Please don't say "Cojurodo"!!
Pode dizer Cojurodo na Espanha. You can say Conhjurodo in Spain.
Mas não ,,, na America Latina But not in Latin America,.
Sim, super!! Yes, it's cool! (upper class)
Não diga "Mate"!!! And do not say Mate!!!
Sim … você … é … maravlihoso! Yes … you … are … wonderful!
Adeus Vejo você em breve! Bye bye. See you soon!
Now of all the things … you mind … has been playing with … to create new … wave patterns … in the natural language … from … here and there … liking … doing … can … understanding … wanting … getting … having … ordering… greeting … describing … knowing … numbering … asking … and … everything … I wonder which things ... you will bring back … to stay deep within you … so easily available ... to you … in that special Portuguese place … in you mind … as needs arise … without conscious effort … Just naturally ... in you own way … as part of you ... instinctiveley ... as that new part of you ... grows ... stronger and stronger ... you will begin to speak with a beautiful accent … so easily ... reinforcing you learning ... with a gentle quiet confidence ... which will surprise you ... and such a beautiful accent ... of which you will be proud ... to fit the music of the natural language ... will surprise you even more ... and more … as you repeat the CRE … so that … in every day … in every way … you get … better and better … And now as you choose ... to do something ... that makes you feele so comfortable with yourself ... something you will feele more and more … able to do ... so that you feele ... even more comfortable ... and confident ... naturally … in you own way … you can take whatever time you need ... just to process you thoughts ... in you own special way ... and to bring this experience to a comfortable close ...
You will feele well ... and you will begin … to feele confident ... about the future ... and about making progress ... in the natural language ... in you own natural way ... and you will find such joy … in speaking so gently … with growing confidence ... and experience ... which will add … a new exciting quality to you life ... because ... with every new language you learn ... you do add a new quality to you life ... in that special … "Portuguese Place " on you mind … And when you feele ... you are ready ... and you want to ... you can start the process of reorienting yourself ... bringing yourself back ... taking you time ... and when you are ready ... you can fully orient yourself ... and allow you eyes to open ... feeleing well ...and happy ... because ... and you will begin to experience confidence … more and more … because … from now … in every day … in every way … you will … be getting … better and better … And as we end of each CRE session … 30 minutes has just flashed by … to be repeated … and enjoyed … many times … releaxed … calm and confident … of achieving a beautiful accent … that becomes natural for you … with learning that is efficient and effective … so from now on … be positive … and with a positive expectation of success … surprise yourself … as you feele the continual support … our Team … which all began … in Bayunne, France On August 15, 2001 ... and of course … as in all our things … we do … as ever … wish you … God Bless … 18. NATURAL VOCABULARY:
(Write it out by hand with emotion …)
helo good morning, how are you?` I am well thank you
ola bom dia como vâo vocês? muito bem obrigado
como esta? goodbye yes no OK not too bad
adeus sim não OK não tão mau Darn! Mate! there it is! "cool"!!!
Maldição! Mate esta ali super/legal!!
b. Verbs (and first person):
to be have like want can
ser/estar ter gostar querer poder
eu sou/estou tenho gosto quero posso do say/speak go come give
fazer dizer/falar ir vir dar
eu faço digo/falo vou venho dou take eat drink sleep know
tomar comer beber dormir saber/conhocer
eu tomo como bebo durmo sei/conheço understand must ask
p. Waiter? Sinto muito q. How much is that? Que hora são?
r. Where is the toilet? Onde/Quando/Porque?
s. Where/when/why? Onde é o banheiro/toilet?
t. What time is it? Quanto custa isso? u. Helep me please? Não compreendo.
v. I do not understand Fale devagar.
w. What does this mean? Ajuda-me, por favor?
x. Please speak slowly. O que quer dizer isso? y. See you later. Bom apetite/saúde!!!
z. Good food/cheers!! Até logo. Answers: In the phrase book … or call the Team …
APPENDIX A - ROUTINE FOR ACCENT IMPROVEMENT
AND LONG TERM RE-INFORCEMENT AFTER ONE MONTH -
TRY TO WORK WITH A PARTNER AND A NATURAL SPEAKER
FOR JUST ONE DAY MORE RELAX with ... a very POSITIVE attitude ... and a very confident EXPECTATION of SUCCESS ... in just one more day ... of PLAYING with the natural language ... instinctively ... naturally ... completely relaxed ... with no stress or effort ... jsut play! Our natural suggestions are: 1 – Play YOUR APS. Then play the LEARNING REINFORCEMENT audio tape. Do IRT and the Throat exercise. Study the Brief Grammar and Mini-Phrase Book to understand every word. THEN make a recording of sections 2-15 at high speed - your starting point! DO NOT ERASE IT. Then SPEAK wth the tape. LIST your five key problems! 2 - STUDY the text (Sections 2-16). Then SPEAK LOUDLY and then very SOFTLY with the tape. SPEED READING (2-16) in 14 minutes. USE the Mini-phrase Book for easy interactive conversation 3 – SPEAK in THEATRICAL style with the tape and text together. Do SPEED READING (2-16) in reverse-mode in 12 minutes. USE the Mini-phrase Book for easy interactive conversation 4 – SPEAK with tape and text. For difficult words/phrases ... stop the tape ... and repeat the word/phrase many times ... singing and shouting! Review your five problems. 5 - USE the Mini-phrase Book for easy interactvie conversation. Then do it as SPEED READING (reverse-mode) in 4 minutes. SPEAK with tape and text using three different voices ... just for fun!. 6 – SPEED READING (2-16) in 8 minutes. Review your five problems. LiSTEN to your recording and laugh .... Then SPEAK with the tape … with a beautiful CONFIDENT accent. Email your feedback to firstname.lastname@example.org.
APPENDIX B - ADDITIONAL VOCABULARY SELECTED TO MEET THE SPECIAL NEEDS OF EACH CLIENT ORGANIZATION - (100 WORDS)